Techniques for improving the removal of pollution from urban canyons are crucial for air quality control in cities. The removal mainly occurs at the building roof level, where it is supported by turbulent mixing and hampered by roof shear, which tends to isolate the internal canyon region from the atmospheric flow. Here, a modification of roof infrastructures is proposed with the aim of increasing the former and reducing the latter, overall enhancing the removal mechanisms. The topic is investigated by numerical experiment, using large-eddy simulation to study the paradigmatic case of a periodic square urban canyon at Re= 2 × 10 4. Two geometries are analyzed: one with a smooth building roof, the other having a series of solid obstacles atop the upwind building roof. The pollutant is released at the street level. The simulations are successfully validated against laboratory and numerical datasets, and the primary vortex displacement detected in some laboratory experiments is discussed. The turbulence triggered by the obstacles destroys the sharp shear layer that separates the canyon and the surrounding flow, increasing the mixing. Greater vertical turbulent mass fluxes and more frequent ejection events near the upwind building (where pollution accumulates) are detected. Overall, the obstacles lead to a reduction in the pollution concentration within the canyon of about 34 %.

Cintolesi C., Pulvirenti B., Di Sabatino S. (2021). Large-Eddy Simulations of Pollutant Removal Enhancement from Urban Canyons. BOUNDARY-LAYER METEOROLOGY, 180(1), 79-104 [10.1007/s10546-021-00610-8].

Large-Eddy Simulations of Pollutant Removal Enhancement from Urban Canyons

Cintolesi C.
Primo
;
Pulvirenti B.
Secondo
;
Di Sabatino S.
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Techniques for improving the removal of pollution from urban canyons are crucial for air quality control in cities. The removal mainly occurs at the building roof level, where it is supported by turbulent mixing and hampered by roof shear, which tends to isolate the internal canyon region from the atmospheric flow. Here, a modification of roof infrastructures is proposed with the aim of increasing the former and reducing the latter, overall enhancing the removal mechanisms. The topic is investigated by numerical experiment, using large-eddy simulation to study the paradigmatic case of a periodic square urban canyon at Re= 2 × 10 4. Two geometries are analyzed: one with a smooth building roof, the other having a series of solid obstacles atop the upwind building roof. The pollutant is released at the street level. The simulations are successfully validated against laboratory and numerical datasets, and the primary vortex displacement detected in some laboratory experiments is discussed. The turbulence triggered by the obstacles destroys the sharp shear layer that separates the canyon and the surrounding flow, increasing the mixing. Greater vertical turbulent mass fluxes and more frequent ejection events near the upwind building (where pollution accumulates) are detected. Overall, the obstacles lead to a reduction in the pollution concentration within the canyon of about 34 %.
2021
Cintolesi C., Pulvirenti B., Di Sabatino S. (2021). Large-Eddy Simulations of Pollutant Removal Enhancement from Urban Canyons. BOUNDARY-LAYER METEOROLOGY, 180(1), 79-104 [10.1007/s10546-021-00610-8].
Cintolesi C.; Pulvirenti B.; Di Sabatino S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/833716
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