This article examines the earliest attestations of writing on Crete at the beginning of the second millennium BCE, the so-called ‘Archanes formula’. The aim is to reassess its origin, purpose, significance and ‘reading’ through a multi-step analysis taking in details of palaeography, correlations with iconographic seal motifs, and material culture. Key issues are considered, namely the extent to which is it comparable with the Linear A ‘libation formula’ a-sa-sa-ra-me, or, conversely, whether it should be singled out as a separate writing tradition. To address these questions, the ‘Archanes formula’ is brought under close scrutiny, vis-à-vis the graphic repertoires of Cretan Hieroglyphic and, in parallel, Linear A. Our conclusions point towards a strong connection with the Cretan Hieroglyphic milieu, in terms of sign shapes and direct links to seal imagery. In this light, the earliest writing in the Aegean is revisited not so much as a script in itself, nor as a prequel to Linear A religious sequences, but as a direct manifestation of the iconic glyptic practices of the Hieroglyphic tradition.

Silvia Ferrara, B.M. (2021). What is the ‘Archanes Formula’? Deconstructing and Reconstructing the Earliest Attestation of Writing in the Aegean. THE ANNUAL OF THE BRITISH SCHOOL AT ATHENS, 116, 43-62 [10.1017/S0068245420000155].

What is the ‘Archanes Formula’? Deconstructing and Reconstructing the Earliest Attestation of Writing in the Aegean

Silvia Ferrara
;
Barbara Montecchi;Miguel Valério
2021

Abstract

This article examines the earliest attestations of writing on Crete at the beginning of the second millennium BCE, the so-called ‘Archanes formula’. The aim is to reassess its origin, purpose, significance and ‘reading’ through a multi-step analysis taking in details of palaeography, correlations with iconographic seal motifs, and material culture. Key issues are considered, namely the extent to which is it comparable with the Linear A ‘libation formula’ a-sa-sa-ra-me, or, conversely, whether it should be singled out as a separate writing tradition. To address these questions, the ‘Archanes formula’ is brought under close scrutiny, vis-à-vis the graphic repertoires of Cretan Hieroglyphic and, in parallel, Linear A. Our conclusions point towards a strong connection with the Cretan Hieroglyphic milieu, in terms of sign shapes and direct links to seal imagery. In this light, the earliest writing in the Aegean is revisited not so much as a script in itself, nor as a prequel to Linear A religious sequences, but as a direct manifestation of the iconic glyptic practices of the Hieroglyphic tradition.
2021
Silvia Ferrara, B.M. (2021). What is the ‘Archanes Formula’? Deconstructing and Reconstructing the Earliest Attestation of Writing in the Aegean. THE ANNUAL OF THE BRITISH SCHOOL AT ATHENS, 116, 43-62 [10.1017/S0068245420000155].
Silvia Ferrara, Barbara Montecchi, Miguel Valério
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Postprint_Ferrara_What is the Archanes.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: Articolo
Tipo: Postprint
Licenza: Licenza per Accesso Aperto. Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Non opere derivate (CCBYNCND)
Dimensione 2 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/833390
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 1
social impact