In this paper, we present a novel defogging technique, named CurL-Defog, with the aim of minimizing the insertion of artifacts while maintaining good contrast restoration and visibility enhancement. Many learning-based defogging approaches rely on paired data, where fog is artificially added to clear images; this usually provides good results on mildly fogged images but is not effective for difficult cases. On the other hand, the models trained with real data can produce visually impressive results, but unwanted artifacts are often present. We propose a curriculum learning strategy and an enhanced CycleGAN model to reduce the number of produced artifacts, where both synthetic and real data are used in the training procedure. We also introduce a new metric, called HArD (Hazy Artifact Detector), to numerically quantify the number of artifacts in the defogged images, thus avoiding the tedious and subjective manual inspection of the results. HArD is then combined with other defogging indicators to produce a solid metric that is not deceived by the presence of artifacts. The proposed approach compares favorably with state-of-the-art techniques on both real and synthetic datasets.

Artifact-free single image defogging

Graffieti G.
Primo
;
Maltoni D.
Secondo
2021

Abstract

In this paper, we present a novel defogging technique, named CurL-Defog, with the aim of minimizing the insertion of artifacts while maintaining good contrast restoration and visibility enhancement. Many learning-based defogging approaches rely on paired data, where fog is artificially added to clear images; this usually provides good results on mildly fogged images but is not effective for difficult cases. On the other hand, the models trained with real data can produce visually impressive results, but unwanted artifacts are often present. We propose a curriculum learning strategy and an enhanced CycleGAN model to reduce the number of produced artifacts, where both synthetic and real data are used in the training procedure. We also introduce a new metric, called HArD (Hazy Artifact Detector), to numerically quantify the number of artifacts in the defogged images, thus avoiding the tedious and subjective manual inspection of the results. HArD is then combined with other defogging indicators to produce a solid metric that is not deceived by the presence of artifacts. The proposed approach compares favorably with state-of-the-art techniques on both real and synthetic datasets.
Graffieti G.; Maltoni D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/833275
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