There is experimental evidence for the existence of interactions between metabotropic glutamate (mGlu), adenosine and dopamine receptors in the striatum. In membrane preparations from rat striatum the group I and II mGlu receptor agonist 1-aminocyclopentane- 1S-3R-dicarboxylic acid (1S-3R-ACPD) was found to modulate the binding characteristics of D2 receptors in a similar manner as the A(2A) receptor agonist 2-[p-(2-carboxyethyl)phenthylamino]-5'-N (CGS 21680), with a significant decrease in the affinity of the high-affinity state of D2 receptors for dopamine. The effect of 1S-3R-ACPD was mimicked by (±)-trans-ACPD (t-ACPD; a racemic mixture of 1S-3R-ACPD and its inactive isomer 1R-3S-ACPD) and by the selective group I mGlu receptor agonist 3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine DHPG) and it was counteracted by the selective group I mGlu receptor antagonist 1-aminoindan-1,5-dicarboxilic acid (AIDA), but not by the the group II and III mGlu receptor antagonist (RS)-α-methyl-4-tetrazolylphenylglycine (MTPG) or the adenosine receptor antagonist 8-phenyltheophylline. Furthermore, a strong synergistic effect was observed when the striatal membranes were exposed to both CGS 21680 and IS-3R-ACPD. In agreement with the biochemical results, in unilaterally 6-OH-dopamine lesioned rats 1S-3R-ACPD counteracted the turning behaviour induced by the D2 receptor agonist quinpirole, but not by the D2 receptor agonist SKF 38393, and it synergistically potentiated the antagonistic effect of CGS 21680 on quinpirole-induced turning behaviour.

Adenosine A(2A) and group I metabotropic glutamate receptors synergistically modulate the binding characteristics of dopamine D2 receptors in the rat striatum

Rimondini R.;
1999

Abstract

There is experimental evidence for the existence of interactions between metabotropic glutamate (mGlu), adenosine and dopamine receptors in the striatum. In membrane preparations from rat striatum the group I and II mGlu receptor agonist 1-aminocyclopentane- 1S-3R-dicarboxylic acid (1S-3R-ACPD) was found to modulate the binding characteristics of D2 receptors in a similar manner as the A(2A) receptor agonist 2-[p-(2-carboxyethyl)phenthylamino]-5'-N (CGS 21680), with a significant decrease in the affinity of the high-affinity state of D2 receptors for dopamine. The effect of 1S-3R-ACPD was mimicked by (±)-trans-ACPD (t-ACPD; a racemic mixture of 1S-3R-ACPD and its inactive isomer 1R-3S-ACPD) and by the selective group I mGlu receptor agonist 3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine DHPG) and it was counteracted by the selective group I mGlu receptor antagonist 1-aminoindan-1,5-dicarboxilic acid (AIDA), but not by the the group II and III mGlu receptor antagonist (RS)-α-methyl-4-tetrazolylphenylglycine (MTPG) or the adenosine receptor antagonist 8-phenyltheophylline. Furthermore, a strong synergistic effect was observed when the striatal membranes were exposed to both CGS 21680 and IS-3R-ACPD. In agreement with the biochemical results, in unilaterally 6-OH-dopamine lesioned rats 1S-3R-ACPD counteracted the turning behaviour induced by the D2 receptor agonist quinpirole, but not by the D2 receptor agonist SKF 38393, and it synergistically potentiated the antagonistic effect of CGS 21680 on quinpirole-induced turning behaviour.
Ferre S.; Popoli P.; Rimondini R.; Reggio R.; Kehr J.; Fuxe K.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/832877
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