Waldenström Macroglobulinemia is a low-grade immunosecretory disorder associated with lymphoid tumours, which is rarely reported in veterinary medicine. In this study, we describe two clinical cases of this rare syndrome in dogs, each characterized by a different onset and clinical course. In one case, a hyperacute onset and aggressive behaviour of the neoplasm was observed. Absolute serum viscosity (SV) was retrospectively evaluated in order to explain clinical findings. Rotational viscosimetry showed good precision in measuring SV. Both dogs had SV values higher than a control groups of healthy dogs although only one subject developed hyperviscosity symptoms and complications. At high paraprotein concentrations, a slight reduction of the M-component was associated with a marked decrease in SV. Thus, this work suggests that SV assessment is a relevant tool for managing monoclonal gammopathies, whose usefulness should be further confirmed in larger cohorts of dogs.

Different biological behaviour of Waldenström macroglobulinemia in two dogs

GENTILINI, FABIO;CALZOLARI, CLAUDIA;BUONACUCINA, ALESSANDRA;DI TOMMASO, MORENA;MILITERNO, GIANFRANCO;FAMIGLI BERGAMINI, PAOLO
2005

Abstract

Waldenström Macroglobulinemia is a low-grade immunosecretory disorder associated with lymphoid tumours, which is rarely reported in veterinary medicine. In this study, we describe two clinical cases of this rare syndrome in dogs, each characterized by a different onset and clinical course. In one case, a hyperacute onset and aggressive behaviour of the neoplasm was observed. Absolute serum viscosity (SV) was retrospectively evaluated in order to explain clinical findings. Rotational viscosimetry showed good precision in measuring SV. Both dogs had SV values higher than a control groups of healthy dogs although only one subject developed hyperviscosity symptoms and complications. At high paraprotein concentrations, a slight reduction of the M-component was associated with a marked decrease in SV. Thus, this work suggests that SV assessment is a relevant tool for managing monoclonal gammopathies, whose usefulness should be further confirmed in larger cohorts of dogs.
2005
F. Gentilini; C. Calzolari; A. Buonacucina; M. Di Tommaso; G. Militerno; P. Famigli Bergamini
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/8318
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