This study explores the short-term relationships between sex ratio at birth and late fetal mortality in Italy from 1910 to 2016. As the leading scholars’ attention traditionally focused on long-term trends and variations in the sex ratios at birth among different populations, less interest regarded short-term fluctuations as they were mainly seen as an effect of random variability. We detrended the national series of males proportion among live births and stillbirths by their medium-term component to consider the annual deviations from a normal trend. After controlling for fertility tendencies and wars effects, regression models seem to show the effects of stillbirth on the proportion of male newborns. A sensitivity analysis was also carried out to assess the effects of the perinatal deaths on the proportion of males at birth, combining stillbirths and early neonatal losses to control the possible misspecification between stillborn infants and early neonatal deaths. The significance of late fetal mortality reflects the mortality excess among male fetuses during the intrauterine life, showing evidence for the in utero hypothesis selection.

The human sex ratio at birth and late fetal mortality: the Italian case

Rettaroli R.
Primo
Conceptualization
;
Scalone F.
Secondo
Formal Analysis
2021

Abstract

This study explores the short-term relationships between sex ratio at birth and late fetal mortality in Italy from 1910 to 2016. As the leading scholars’ attention traditionally focused on long-term trends and variations in the sex ratios at birth among different populations, less interest regarded short-term fluctuations as they were mainly seen as an effect of random variability. We detrended the national series of males proportion among live births and stillbirths by their medium-term component to consider the annual deviations from a normal trend. After controlling for fertility tendencies and wars effects, regression models seem to show the effects of stillbirth on the proportion of male newborns. A sensitivity analysis was also carried out to assess the effects of the perinatal deaths on the proportion of males at birth, combining stillbirths and early neonatal losses to control the possible misspecification between stillborn infants and early neonatal deaths. The significance of late fetal mortality reflects the mortality excess among male fetuses during the intrauterine life, showing evidence for the in utero hypothesis selection.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/831718
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