This work presents the impact of propane and n-butane on the CO2/CH4 separation performance of both cellulose diacetate (CDA) and cellulose triacetate (CTA) membranes by exposing both pristine membranes to either propane (400 kPa) or n-butane (200 kPa) at room temperature (22 ± 2 °C) for 4 weeks. The propane and n-butane sorption isotherms in both membranes were anomalous at 35 °C. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results indicated that the crystalline nature of both polymers was altered by this exposure, although dynamic scanning calorimetry (DSC) did not detect a significant change in the overall crystallinity. Positron Annihilation Lifetime Spectroscopy (PALS) revealed that the average pore size of the CTA polymer and the number of free volume elements of both membranes also increased, even though the sorption uptake was less than 2 wt%. CO2 and CH4 permeabilities at 35 °C were essentially unaffected by the propane or n-butane exposure, indicating that while the crystalline regions of the polymer were affected, plasticization of the glassy amorphous region did not occur. There was a slight decrease in CH4 permeability for the CDA membrane after n-butane exposure, consistent with a slight decline in the CH4 solubility at this feed pressure. The propane and n-butane permeabilities were 0.029 Barrer at 300 kPa and 0.019 Barrer at 125 kPa for the fresh CTA membrane, but these fell significantly after long term exposure to these gases, possibly due to penetrant clustering.

The influence of propane and n-butane on the structure and separation performance of cellulose acetate membranes

Ricci E.;De Angelis M. G.;
2021

Abstract

This work presents the impact of propane and n-butane on the CO2/CH4 separation performance of both cellulose diacetate (CDA) and cellulose triacetate (CTA) membranes by exposing both pristine membranes to either propane (400 kPa) or n-butane (200 kPa) at room temperature (22 ± 2 °C) for 4 weeks. The propane and n-butane sorption isotherms in both membranes were anomalous at 35 °C. X-ray diffraction (XRD) results indicated that the crystalline nature of both polymers was altered by this exposure, although dynamic scanning calorimetry (DSC) did not detect a significant change in the overall crystallinity. Positron Annihilation Lifetime Spectroscopy (PALS) revealed that the average pore size of the CTA polymer and the number of free volume elements of both membranes also increased, even though the sorption uptake was less than 2 wt%. CO2 and CH4 permeabilities at 35 °C were essentially unaffected by the propane or n-butane exposure, indicating that while the crystalline regions of the polymer were affected, plasticization of the glassy amorphous region did not occur. There was a slight decrease in CH4 permeability for the CDA membrane after n-butane exposure, consistent with a slight decline in the CH4 solubility at this feed pressure. The propane and n-butane permeabilities were 0.029 Barrer at 300 kPa and 0.019 Barrer at 125 kPa for the fresh CTA membrane, but these fell significantly after long term exposure to these gases, possibly due to penetrant clustering.
Liu L.; Doherty C.M.; Ricci E.; Chen G.Q.; De Angelis M.G.; Kentish S.E.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/830849
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