The first enantioselective [12 + 2] cycloaddition has been developed for the construction of a chiral cycl[3.2.2]azine core, a tricyclic moiety with a central ring-junction nitrogen atom, by an operationally simple one-step organocatalytic process. The reaction concept builds upon aminocatalytically generated 12π-components derived from 5H-benzo[a]pyrrolizine-3-carbaldehydes reacting with different electron-deficient 2π-components and affording the complex scaffold of benzo[a]cycl[3.2.2]azine (indolizino[3,4,5-ab]isoindole) with excellent enantio- A nd diastereoselectivity in good yields. The developed reaction is robust toward diverse substituent patterns and has been extended to different classes of electron-deficient 2π-components by minor variations in reaction setup. The obtained [12 + 2] cycloadducts are electron-deficient in nature, and their reaction with nucleophiles have been demonstrated. The enantioselective [12 + 2] cycloaddition with α,β-unsaturated aldehydes as the electron-deficient 2π-components relies upon an unconventional, simple aminocatalyst. In order to understand the high stereoselectivity of the [12 + 2] cycloaddition for this simple catalyst, combined experimental and computational investigations were performed. The investigations point to activation of both the 5H-benzo[a]pyrrolizine-3-carbaldehyde and the α,β-unsaturated aldehyde by the aminocatalyst and that the reaction proceeds by a stepwise cycloaddition, where especially the ring-closure is crucial for the stereochemical outcome. For other electron-deficient 2π-components, such as α,β-unsaturated ketoesters and nitroolefins, a more sterically demanding aminocatalyst has been applied and the corresponding [12 + 2] cycloadducts are obtained with excellent stereoselectivity. The [12 + 2] cycloaddition with vinyl sulfones afforded fully unsaturated systems, which display photoluminescence properties and for which quantum yields have been evaluated.

Enantioselective Construction of the Cycl[3.2.2]azine Core via Organocatalytic [12 + 2] Cycloadditions

Bertuzzi G.;
2021

Abstract

The first enantioselective [12 + 2] cycloaddition has been developed for the construction of a chiral cycl[3.2.2]azine core, a tricyclic moiety with a central ring-junction nitrogen atom, by an operationally simple one-step organocatalytic process. The reaction concept builds upon aminocatalytically generated 12π-components derived from 5H-benzo[a]pyrrolizine-3-carbaldehydes reacting with different electron-deficient 2π-components and affording the complex scaffold of benzo[a]cycl[3.2.2]azine (indolizino[3,4,5-ab]isoindole) with excellent enantio- A nd diastereoselectivity in good yields. The developed reaction is robust toward diverse substituent patterns and has been extended to different classes of electron-deficient 2π-components by minor variations in reaction setup. The obtained [12 + 2] cycloadducts are electron-deficient in nature, and their reaction with nucleophiles have been demonstrated. The enantioselective [12 + 2] cycloaddition with α,β-unsaturated aldehydes as the electron-deficient 2π-components relies upon an unconventional, simple aminocatalyst. In order to understand the high stereoselectivity of the [12 + 2] cycloaddition for this simple catalyst, combined experimental and computational investigations were performed. The investigations point to activation of both the 5H-benzo[a]pyrrolizine-3-carbaldehyde and the α,β-unsaturated aldehyde by the aminocatalyst and that the reaction proceeds by a stepwise cycloaddition, where especially the ring-closure is crucial for the stereochemical outcome. For other electron-deficient 2π-components, such as α,β-unsaturated ketoesters and nitroolefins, a more sterically demanding aminocatalyst has been applied and the corresponding [12 + 2] cycloadducts are obtained with excellent stereoselectivity. The [12 + 2] cycloaddition with vinyl sulfones afforded fully unsaturated systems, which display photoluminescence properties and for which quantum yields have been evaluated.
Jessen N.I.; Bertuzzi G.; Bura M.; Skipper M.L.; Jorgensen K.A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/829846
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