Men sometimes withdraw support for gender equality movements when their higher gender status is threatened. Here, we expand the focus of this phenomenon by examining it cross-culturally, to test if both individual- and country-level variables predict men's collective action intentions to support gender equality. We tested a model in which men's zero-sum beliefs about gender predict reduced collective action intentions via an increase in hostile sexism. Because country-level gender equality may threaten men's higher gender status, we also examined whether the path from zero-sum beliefs to collective action intentions was stronger in countries higher in gender equality. Multilevel modeling on 6,734 men from 42 countries supported the individual-level mediation model, but found no evidence of moderation by country-level gender equality. Both country-level gender equality and individual-level zero-sum thinking independently predicted reductions in men's willingness to act collectively for gender equality.

Country-level and individual-level predictors of men's support for gender equality in 42 countries

Mancini T.;Moscatelli S.;
2020

Abstract

Men sometimes withdraw support for gender equality movements when their higher gender status is threatened. Here, we expand the focus of this phenomenon by examining it cross-culturally, to test if both individual- and country-level variables predict men's collective action intentions to support gender equality. We tested a model in which men's zero-sum beliefs about gender predict reduced collective action intentions via an increase in hostile sexism. Because country-level gender equality may threaten men's higher gender status, we also examined whether the path from zero-sum beliefs to collective action intentions was stronger in countries higher in gender equality. Multilevel modeling on 6,734 men from 42 countries supported the individual-level mediation model, but found no evidence of moderation by country-level gender equality. Both country-level gender equality and individual-level zero-sum thinking independently predicted reductions in men's willingness to act collectively for gender equality.
Kosakowska-Berezecka N.; Besta T.; Bosson J.K.; Jurek P.; Vandello J.A.; Best D.L.; Wlodarczyk A.; Safdar S.; Zawisza M.; Zadkowska M.; Sobiecki J.; Agyemang C.B.; Akbas G.; Ammirati S.; Anderson J.; Anjum G.; Aruta J.J.B.R.; Ashraf M.; Bakaityte A.; Bi C.; Becker M.; Bender M.; Berxulli D.; Bosak J.; Daalmans S.; Dandy J.; de Lemus S.; Dvorianchikov N.; Etchezahar E.; Froehlich L.; Gavreliuc A.; Gavreliuc D.; Gomez A.; Greijdanus H.; Grigoryan A.; Hale M.-L.; Hamer H.; Hoorens V.; Hutchings P.B.; Jensen D.H.; Kelmendi K.; Khachatryan N.; Kinahan M.; Kozlowski D.; Lauri M.A.; Li J.; Maitner A.T.; Makashvili A.; Mancini T.; Martiny S.E.; Dordevic J.M.; Moreno-Bella E.; Moscatelli S.; Bryan Moynihan A.; Muller D.; Ochoa D.; Adebayo S.O.; Pacilli M.G.; Palacio J.; Patnaik S.; Pavlopoulos V.; Piterova I.; Puzio A.; Pyrkosz-Pacyna J.; Renteria-Perez E.; Rousseaux T.; Sainz M.; Salvati M.; Samekin A.; Garcia-Sanchez E.; Schindler S.; Sherbaji S.; Sobhie R.; Sulejmanovic D.; Sullivan K.E.; Torre B.; Torres C.V.; Ungaretti J.; Valshtein T.; Van Laar C.; van der Noll J.; Vasiutynskyi V.; Vohra N.; Zapata-Calvente A.L.; Zukauskiene R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/828614
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