The foetal bovine serum (FBS) concentration could influence functional parameters of IPEC-J2 cells. IPEC-J2 is a non-transformed continuous epithelial cell line that represents an established in vitro model to study porcine gut inflammation and alterations of intestinal integrity. This cell line also represents a good translational model thanks to the high similitudes between pig and human gastrointestinal tract. With the aim to assess if the FBS-dependent functional variations are linked to the bioenergetic aspects, the addition of 5% and 10% FBS in the IPEC-J2 culture medium were tested. Doubling time and TEER measurement indicated that cells cultured at higher FBS dose grow faster and as a more compact monolayer. 10% FBS increases ATP production and mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos) and does not affect glycolysis. Both at 5% and 10% FBS ATP production mainly comes from OxPhos and FBS concentration does not affect the cell respiration bioenergetic parameters. Noteworthy, IPEC-J2 treated with 5% and 10% FBS have a metabolic potential since both OxPhos and glycolysis increase by > 100% and < 50%, respectively in comparison with baseline metabolism. Moreover, glucose, fatty acids and glutamine constitute the preferred metabolic fuel for mitochondrial respiration at both FBS conditions tested. Accordingly, the cells flexibility to oxidize these substrates shows that IPEC-J2 mitochondria cannot maintain the basal ATP production without oxidizing all the substrates available irrespective of FBS concentration. To sum up, in IPEC-J2 cells OxPhos increases with the FBS-stimulated functional physiological parameters to fulfil ATP requirements.

Relationship between serum concentration, functional parameters and cell bioenergetics in IPEC-J2 cell line

Bernardini, Chiara
Primo
;
Algieri, Cristina;Mantia, La Debora;Zannoni, Augusta;Salaroli, Roberta;Trombetti, Fabiana;Forni, Monica
;
Pagliarani, Alessandra;Nesci, Salvatore
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

The foetal bovine serum (FBS) concentration could influence functional parameters of IPEC-J2 cells. IPEC-J2 is a non-transformed continuous epithelial cell line that represents an established in vitro model to study porcine gut inflammation and alterations of intestinal integrity. This cell line also represents a good translational model thanks to the high similitudes between pig and human gastrointestinal tract. With the aim to assess if the FBS-dependent functional variations are linked to the bioenergetic aspects, the addition of 5% and 10% FBS in the IPEC-J2 culture medium were tested. Doubling time and TEER measurement indicated that cells cultured at higher FBS dose grow faster and as a more compact monolayer. 10% FBS increases ATP production and mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos) and does not affect glycolysis. Both at 5% and 10% FBS ATP production mainly comes from OxPhos and FBS concentration does not affect the cell respiration bioenergetic parameters. Noteworthy, IPEC-J2 treated with 5% and 10% FBS have a metabolic potential since both OxPhos and glycolysis increase by > 100% and < 50%, respectively in comparison with baseline metabolism. Moreover, glucose, fatty acids and glutamine constitute the preferred metabolic fuel for mitochondrial respiration at both FBS conditions tested. Accordingly, the cells flexibility to oxidize these substrates shows that IPEC-J2 mitochondria cannot maintain the basal ATP production without oxidizing all the substrates available irrespective of FBS concentration. To sum up, in IPEC-J2 cells OxPhos increases with the FBS-stimulated functional physiological parameters to fulfil ATP requirements.
Bernardini, Chiara; Algieri, Cristina; Mantia, La Debora; Zannoni, Augusta; Salaroli, Roberta; Trombetti, Fabiana; Forni, Monica; Pagliarani, Alessandra; Nesci, Salvatore
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/827998
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