STUDY OBJECTIVES: increases in arterial pressure (AP) during sleep and smaller differences in AP between sleep and wakefulness have been reported in orexin (hypocretin)-deficient mouse models of narcolepsy type 1 (NT1) and confirmed in NT1 patients. We tested whether these alterations are mediated by parasympathetic or sympathetic control of the heart and/or resistance vessels in an orexin-deficient mouse model of NT1.METHODS: 13 orexin knock-out (ORX-KO) mice were compared with 12 congenic wild-type (WT) mice. The electroencephalogram, electromyogram, and AP of the mice were recorded in the light (rest) period during intraperitoneal infusion of atropine methyl nitrate, atenolol, or prazosin to block muscarinic cholinergic, beta1-adrenergic, or alpha1-adrenergic receptors, respectively, while saline was infused as control.RESULTS: AP significantly depended on a 3-way interaction among the mouse group (ORX-KO vs WT), the wake-sleep state, and the drug or vehicle infused. During the control vehicle infusion, ORX-KO had significantly higher AP values during REM sleep, smaller decreases in AP from wakefulness to either non-rapid-eye-movement (non-REM) sleep or REM sleep, and greater increases in AP from non-REM sleep to REM sleep compared to WT. These differences remained significant with atropine methyl nitrate, whereas they were abolished by prazosin and, except for the smaller AP decrease from wakefulness to REM sleep in ORX-KO, also by atenolol.CONCLUSIONS: sleep-related alterations of AP due to orexin deficiency significantly depend on alterations in cardiovascular sympathetic control in a mouse model of NT1.

Autonomic Mechanisms Of Blood Pressure Alterations During Sleep In Orexin/Hypocretin-Deficient Narcoleptic Mice

Alvente, Sara;Berteotti, Chiara;Bastianini, Stefano;Lo Martire, Viviana;Matteoli, Gabriele;Silvani, Alessandro;Zoccoli, Giovanna
2021

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES: increases in arterial pressure (AP) during sleep and smaller differences in AP between sleep and wakefulness have been reported in orexin (hypocretin)-deficient mouse models of narcolepsy type 1 (NT1) and confirmed in NT1 patients. We tested whether these alterations are mediated by parasympathetic or sympathetic control of the heart and/or resistance vessels in an orexin-deficient mouse model of NT1.METHODS: 13 orexin knock-out (ORX-KO) mice were compared with 12 congenic wild-type (WT) mice. The electroencephalogram, electromyogram, and AP of the mice were recorded in the light (rest) period during intraperitoneal infusion of atropine methyl nitrate, atenolol, or prazosin to block muscarinic cholinergic, beta1-adrenergic, or alpha1-adrenergic receptors, respectively, while saline was infused as control.RESULTS: AP significantly depended on a 3-way interaction among the mouse group (ORX-KO vs WT), the wake-sleep state, and the drug or vehicle infused. During the control vehicle infusion, ORX-KO had significantly higher AP values during REM sleep, smaller decreases in AP from wakefulness to either non-rapid-eye-movement (non-REM) sleep or REM sleep, and greater increases in AP from non-REM sleep to REM sleep compared to WT. These differences remained significant with atropine methyl nitrate, whereas they were abolished by prazosin and, except for the smaller AP decrease from wakefulness to REM sleep in ORX-KO, also by atenolol.CONCLUSIONS: sleep-related alterations of AP due to orexin deficiency significantly depend on alterations in cardiovascular sympathetic control in a mouse model of NT1.
Alvente, Sara; Berteotti, Chiara; Bastianini, Stefano; Lo Martire, Viviana; Matteoli, Gabriele; Silvani, Alessandro; Zoccoli, Giovanna
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/826771
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