Background and aims: In epidemiological trials and in clinical practices, it is relevant to have affordable and reliable methods to measure the main lipid cardiovascular risk factors, and in particular low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) plasma level. In this context, we aimed to compare the reliability of the Friedewald's (LDL-Cf) and Sampson's (LDL-Cs) equations with the LDL-value dosed by a validated dosage method (LDL-Cd) in a large cohort of children. Methods and results: We considered the lipid values of 145 infants, 278 preschoolers, 810 scholar children, and 1372 adolescents (Total N. 2605, 1291 males, 1314 females), with mean total cholesterol (TC) = 169.8 ± 39.7 mg/dL, HDL-Cholesterol = 50.8 ± 12.7 mg/dL, non HDL-Cholesterol = 118.9 ± 35.9 mg/dL, Triglycerides (TG) = 90.3 ± 77.9 mg/dL, LDL-Cd = 106.2 ± 29.9 mg/dL, LDL-Cf = 100.9 ± 33.8 mg/dL, and LDL-Cs = 102.2 ± 33.4 mg/dL. Comparing the distance to the LDL-Cd, Friedewald's equation mildly but significantly underestimated in infants (3.4 ± 5.3 mg/dL), preschoolers (1.5 ± 7.1 mg/dL). Children (1.2 ± 2.2 mg/dL) and adolescents (1.1 ± 5.9 mg/dL) compared to Sampson's equation (all comparisons, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Our analysis, being carried out on a large population sample, shows that Sampson's equation is more reliable than Friedewald's one at each considered age class and even for extreme TG values.

Cicero AFG, F.F., BLIP Study group. (2021). Application of the Sampson equation to estimate LDL-C in children: Comparison with LDL direct measurement and Friedewald equation in the BLIP study. NMCD. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES, 31(6), 1911-1915 [10.1016/j.numecd.2021.02.034].

Application of the Sampson equation to estimate LDL-C in children: Comparison with LDL direct measurement and Friedewald equation in the BLIP study.

Cicero AFG
Primo
Conceptualization
;
Borghi C
Penultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
D'Addato S
Ultimo
Supervision
;
BLIP Study group.
2021

Abstract

Background and aims: In epidemiological trials and in clinical practices, it is relevant to have affordable and reliable methods to measure the main lipid cardiovascular risk factors, and in particular low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) plasma level. In this context, we aimed to compare the reliability of the Friedewald's (LDL-Cf) and Sampson's (LDL-Cs) equations with the LDL-value dosed by a validated dosage method (LDL-Cd) in a large cohort of children. Methods and results: We considered the lipid values of 145 infants, 278 preschoolers, 810 scholar children, and 1372 adolescents (Total N. 2605, 1291 males, 1314 females), with mean total cholesterol (TC) = 169.8 ± 39.7 mg/dL, HDL-Cholesterol = 50.8 ± 12.7 mg/dL, non HDL-Cholesterol = 118.9 ± 35.9 mg/dL, Triglycerides (TG) = 90.3 ± 77.9 mg/dL, LDL-Cd = 106.2 ± 29.9 mg/dL, LDL-Cf = 100.9 ± 33.8 mg/dL, and LDL-Cs = 102.2 ± 33.4 mg/dL. Comparing the distance to the LDL-Cd, Friedewald's equation mildly but significantly underestimated in infants (3.4 ± 5.3 mg/dL), preschoolers (1.5 ± 7.1 mg/dL). Children (1.2 ± 2.2 mg/dL) and adolescents (1.1 ± 5.9 mg/dL) compared to Sampson's equation (all comparisons, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Our analysis, being carried out on a large population sample, shows that Sampson's equation is more reliable than Friedewald's one at each considered age class and even for extreme TG values.
2021
Cicero AFG, F.F., BLIP Study group. (2021). Application of the Sampson equation to estimate LDL-C in children: Comparison with LDL direct measurement and Friedewald equation in the BLIP study. NMCD. NUTRITION METABOLISM AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES, 31(6), 1911-1915 [10.1016/j.numecd.2021.02.034].
Cicero AFG, Fogacci F, Patrono D, Mancini R, Ramazzotti E, Borghi C, D'Addato S; BLIP Study group.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/826624
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