Energy storage is an emerging technology that can enable the transition towards renewable-energy-based distributed generation, reducing peak power demand and the time difference between production and use. The energy storage could be implemented both at grid level (concentrated) or at user level (distributed). Chemical batteries represent the de facto standard of storage systems for performance and maturity; however, batteries feature a quite large environmental footprint and use precious raw materials. Mechanical storage technologies could represent a viable alternative to chemical batteries, because of their reduced impacts on the environment and on raw materials. This paper presents the design of a motor/generator for a flywheel energy storage at household level. Three reference machines were compared by means of Finite Element Analysis (FEA): a traditional iron-core surface permanent-magnet (SPM) synchronous machine, a synchronous reluctance machine (SynchRel) and an ironless SPM synchronous machine. Simulation show that the ironless machine is good candidate for distributed energy storage, because of its high efficiency, high discharge duration and low losses. A prototype ironless machine was designed and manufactured. Experiments confirm the simulation results.

Design of motor/generator for Flywheel Batteries

Bellini, Alberto
2021

Abstract

Energy storage is an emerging technology that can enable the transition towards renewable-energy-based distributed generation, reducing peak power demand and the time difference between production and use. The energy storage could be implemented both at grid level (concentrated) or at user level (distributed). Chemical batteries represent the de facto standard of storage systems for performance and maturity; however, batteries feature a quite large environmental footprint and use precious raw materials. Mechanical storage technologies could represent a viable alternative to chemical batteries, because of their reduced impacts on the environment and on raw materials. This paper presents the design of a motor/generator for a flywheel energy storage at household level. Three reference machines were compared by means of Finite Element Analysis (FEA): a traditional iron-core surface permanent-magnet (SPM) synchronous machine, a synchronous reluctance machine (SynchRel) and an ironless SPM synchronous machine. Simulation show that the ironless machine is good candidate for distributed energy storage, because of its high efficiency, high discharge duration and low losses. A prototype ironless machine was designed and manufactured. Experiments confirm the simulation results.
2021
Bianchini, Claudio; Torreggiani, Ambra; David, Danilo; Bellini, Alberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/820665
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