Background: Gastro-oesophageal reflux is considered the main risk factor for Barrett's oesophagus. The role of other potential risk factors for the development of Barrett's oesophagus in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms is controversial. Aims: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis examining risk factors in development of Barrett's oesophagus. Methods: Medline, Embase and Embase Classic were searched (until December 2020) to identify cross-sectional studies reporting prevalence of Barrett's oesophagus based on presence of one or more proposed risk factors in individuals with gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms. Prevalence of Barrett's oesophagus was compared according to presence or absence of each risk factor in individuals with gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms. Results: Of 7164 citations evaluated, 13 studies reported prevalence of BO in 11 856 subjects. Pooled prevalence of histologically confirmed Barrett's oesophagus in individuals with gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms in all studies was 7.0% (95% CI 4.8% to 9.6%). Prevalence was higher in subjects with hiatal hernia (OR 2.74; 95% CI 1.58 to 4.75) and in those who drank alcohol (OR 1.51; 95% CI 1.17 to 1.95). Other features including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and/or aspirin use (OR 1.19; 95% CI 1.00 to 1.42), smoking (OR 1.14; 95% CI 0.96 to 1.35) or obesity (OR 1.10; 95% CI 0.92 to 1.33) were not significantly associated with Barrett's oesophagus. Conclusions: The prevalence of Barrett's oesophagus in individuals with gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms was higher in those who drank alcohol, although this association was modest. The strongest association found was between hiatal hernia and Barrett's oesophagus. Other potential risk factors assessed in this study did not appear to be associated with presence of Barrett's oesophagus among individuals with gastro-oesophageal symptoms.

Systmatic review with meta-analysis: Risk factors for Barrett's oesophagus in individuals with gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms

Eusebi, Leonardo H
;
Cirota, Giovanna G;Zagari, Rocco M;Bazzoli, Franco;
2021

Abstract

Background: Gastro-oesophageal reflux is considered the main risk factor for Barrett's oesophagus. The role of other potential risk factors for the development of Barrett's oesophagus in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms is controversial. Aims: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis examining risk factors in development of Barrett's oesophagus. Methods: Medline, Embase and Embase Classic were searched (until December 2020) to identify cross-sectional studies reporting prevalence of Barrett's oesophagus based on presence of one or more proposed risk factors in individuals with gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms. Prevalence of Barrett's oesophagus was compared according to presence or absence of each risk factor in individuals with gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms. Results: Of 7164 citations evaluated, 13 studies reported prevalence of BO in 11 856 subjects. Pooled prevalence of histologically confirmed Barrett's oesophagus in individuals with gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms in all studies was 7.0% (95% CI 4.8% to 9.6%). Prevalence was higher in subjects with hiatal hernia (OR 2.74; 95% CI 1.58 to 4.75) and in those who drank alcohol (OR 1.51; 95% CI 1.17 to 1.95). Other features including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and/or aspirin use (OR 1.19; 95% CI 1.00 to 1.42), smoking (OR 1.14; 95% CI 0.96 to 1.35) or obesity (OR 1.10; 95% CI 0.92 to 1.33) were not significantly associated with Barrett's oesophagus. Conclusions: The prevalence of Barrett's oesophagus in individuals with gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms was higher in those who drank alcohol, although this association was modest. The strongest association found was between hiatal hernia and Barrett's oesophagus. Other potential risk factors assessed in this study did not appear to be associated with presence of Barrett's oesophagus among individuals with gastro-oesophageal symptoms.
2021
Eusebi, Leonardo H; Telese, Andrea; Cirota, Giovanna G; Haidry, Rehan; Zagari, Rocco M; Bazzoli, Franco; Ford, Alexander C
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/820287
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