This work aims at obtaining a systematic description and prediction of the multicomponent gas separation behavior of membranes, using the Non-Equilibrium Lattice Fluid (NELF) model for gas sorption and the Standard Transport (ST) model for gas permeation. The scheme is applied to a comprehensive analysis of CO2/CH4 separation with cellulose acetate membranes. A dedicated experimental campaign (pressure-volume-temperature (PVT), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and pure gas sorption tests) was performed to obtain reliable model parameters, accounting also for crystallinity. The approach was validated against a complete set of literature data, including mixed gas sorption and permeation. The parameters obtained were used to perform predictive simulations of mixed CO2/CH4 sorption and permeation in a wide mixture composition range. The NELF model accurately predicts the effect of temperature on sorption, as well as the strong competitive exclusion of CH4 when CO2 is present, that enhances the solubility-selectivity. The ST model correctly estimates the experimentally observed lower-than-ideal CO2/CH4 perm-selectivity. The model shows that low perm-selectivity is due to mixed gas diffusivity-selectivity (which is not available experimentally): even though solubility-selectivity increases in the mixed gas case, diffusivity-selectivity suffers a larger departure from pure gas conditions, ultimately leading to a lower perm-selectivity under multicomponent conditions.

Towards a systematic determination of multicomponent gas separation with membranes: the case of CO2/CH4 in cellulose acetates

Ricci E.
;
Degli Esposti M.;Fabbri P.;De Angelis M. G.
2021

Abstract

This work aims at obtaining a systematic description and prediction of the multicomponent gas separation behavior of membranes, using the Non-Equilibrium Lattice Fluid (NELF) model for gas sorption and the Standard Transport (ST) model for gas permeation. The scheme is applied to a comprehensive analysis of CO2/CH4 separation with cellulose acetate membranes. A dedicated experimental campaign (pressure-volume-temperature (PVT), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and pure gas sorption tests) was performed to obtain reliable model parameters, accounting also for crystallinity. The approach was validated against a complete set of literature data, including mixed gas sorption and permeation. The parameters obtained were used to perform predictive simulations of mixed CO2/CH4 sorption and permeation in a wide mixture composition range. The NELF model accurately predicts the effect of temperature on sorption, as well as the strong competitive exclusion of CH4 when CO2 is present, that enhances the solubility-selectivity. The ST model correctly estimates the experimentally observed lower-than-ideal CO2/CH4 perm-selectivity. The model shows that low perm-selectivity is due to mixed gas diffusivity-selectivity (which is not available experimentally): even though solubility-selectivity increases in the mixed gas case, diffusivity-selectivity suffers a larger departure from pure gas conditions, ultimately leading to a lower perm-selectivity under multicomponent conditions.
2021
Ricci E.; Di Maio E.; Degli Esposti M.; Liu L.; Mensitieri G.; Fabbri P.; Kentish S.E.; De Angelis M.G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/819005
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