Background: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) represents the main tool for prevention of sudden cardiac death. Different kinds of postimplant complications have been described; however, little is known about shoulder functional impairment and its impact on quality of life. Methods: Patients with standard indications for elective prepectoral subcutaneous ICD insertion were enrolled during a 1-year period. The impact of ICD implantation on shoulder motility, pain, general disability, and quality of life was evaluated prospectively at baseline, and after 2 weeks, 3 months, 1 year, and 5 years using the Constant score, the Numeric Pain Rating Scale, the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand scale, and the Short Form-36 Health Survey questionnaire. Results: A total of 50 patients underwent insertion of single, dual chamber, or biventricular ICDs. Two weeks after implantation, functional impairment and mild pain were observed in ipsilateral shoulder movements, with a reduction in the Short Form-36 Health Survey score. Shoulder functional impairment improved at the third-month evaluations, with almost normalization at 1-year and 5-year assessments, as well as pain and quality of life. Conclusions: Prepectoral subcutaneous ICD implantation may be associated with ipsilateral shoulder functional impairment that regresses partially after 3 months and completely at 1-year and 5-year assessments. The less invasive implantation technique and the relatively small size of modern ICDs, independently from types and volumes, may be relevant to the degree of postimplantation shoulder functional impairment and recovery time. Shoulder function should be assessed at routine checks, especially soon after ICD implantation because of potential functional impairment and subsequent impact on quality of life.

Shoulder Function After Cardioverter-Defibrillator Implantation: 5-Year Follow-up

Martignani C.;Pegreffi F.;Ziacchi M.;Diemberger I.
2020

Abstract

Background: Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) represents the main tool for prevention of sudden cardiac death. Different kinds of postimplant complications have been described; however, little is known about shoulder functional impairment and its impact on quality of life. Methods: Patients with standard indications for elective prepectoral subcutaneous ICD insertion were enrolled during a 1-year period. The impact of ICD implantation on shoulder motility, pain, general disability, and quality of life was evaluated prospectively at baseline, and after 2 weeks, 3 months, 1 year, and 5 years using the Constant score, the Numeric Pain Rating Scale, the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand scale, and the Short Form-36 Health Survey questionnaire. Results: A total of 50 patients underwent insertion of single, dual chamber, or biventricular ICDs. Two weeks after implantation, functional impairment and mild pain were observed in ipsilateral shoulder movements, with a reduction in the Short Form-36 Health Survey score. Shoulder functional impairment improved at the third-month evaluations, with almost normalization at 1-year and 5-year assessments, as well as pain and quality of life. Conclusions: Prepectoral subcutaneous ICD implantation may be associated with ipsilateral shoulder functional impairment that regresses partially after 3 months and completely at 1-year and 5-year assessments. The less invasive implantation technique and the relatively small size of modern ICDs, independently from types and volumes, may be relevant to the degree of postimplantation shoulder functional impairment and recovery time. Shoulder function should be assessed at routine checks, especially soon after ICD implantation because of potential functional impairment and subsequent impact on quality of life.
Martignani C.; Massaro G.; Mazzotti A.; Pegreffi F.; Ziacchi M.; Biffi M.; Porcellini G.; Boriani G.; Diemberger I.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/810111
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