The DARWIN observatory is a proposed next-generation experiment to search for particle dark matter and for the neutrinoless double beta decay of 136 Xe. Out of its 50 t total natural xenon inventory, 40 t will be the active target of a time projection chamber which thus contains about 3.6 t of 136Xe. Here, we show that its projected half-life sensitivity is 2.4 × 10**27 yr using a fiducial volume of 5t of natural xenon and 10yr of operation with a background rate of less than 0.2 events/(t · yr) in the energy region of interest. This sensitivity is based on a detailed Monte Carlo simula- tion study of the background and event topologies in the large, homogeneous target. DARWIN will be com- parable in its science reach to dedicated double beta decay experiments using xenon enriched in 136Xe.

Sensitivity of the DARWIN observatory to the neutrinoless double beta decay of 136 Xe

Agostini, F.;Sartorelli, G.;
2020

Abstract

The DARWIN observatory is a proposed next-generation experiment to search for particle dark matter and for the neutrinoless double beta decay of 136 Xe. Out of its 50 t total natural xenon inventory, 40 t will be the active target of a time projection chamber which thus contains about 3.6 t of 136Xe. Here, we show that its projected half-life sensitivity is 2.4 × 10**27 yr using a fiducial volume of 5t of natural xenon and 10yr of operation with a background rate of less than 0.2 events/(t · yr) in the energy region of interest. This sensitivity is based on a detailed Monte Carlo simula- tion study of the background and event topologies in the large, homogeneous target. DARWIN will be com- parable in its science reach to dedicated double beta decay experiments using xenon enriched in 136Xe.
Agostini, F.; Maouloud, S. E. M. Ahmed; Althueser, L.; Amaro, F.; Antunovic, B.; Aprile, E.; Baudis, L.; Baur, D.; Biondi, Y.; Bismark, A.; Breur, P. A.; Brown, A.; Bruno, G.; Budnik, R.; Capelli, C.; Cardoso, J.; Cichon, D.; Clark, M.; Colijn, A. P.; Cuenca-García, J. J.; Cussonneau, J. P.; Decowski, M. P.; Depoian, A.; Dierle, J.; Gangi, P. Di; Giovanni, A. Di; Diglio, S.; Santos, J. M. F. dos; Drexlin, G.; Eitel, K.; Engel, R.; Ferella, A. D.; Fischer, H.; Galloway, M.; Gao, F.; Girard, F.; Glück, F.; Grandi, L.; Größle, R.; Gumbsheimer, R.; Hansmann-Menzemer, S.; Jörg, F.; Khundzakishvili, G.; Kopec, A.; Kuger, F.; Krauss, L. M.; Landsman, H.; Lang, R. F.; Lindemann, S.; Lindner, M.; Lopes, J. A. M.; Villalpando, A. Loya; Macolino, C.; Manfredini, A.; Undagoitia, T. Marrodán; Masbou, J.; Masson, E.; Meinhardt, P.; Milutinovic, S.; Molinario, A.; Monteiro, C. M. B.; Murra, M.; Oberlack, U. G.; Pandurovic, M.; Peres, R.; Pienaar, J.; Pierre, M.; Pizzella, V.; Qin, J.; García, D. Ramírez; Reichard, S.; Rupp, N.; Sanchez-Lucas, P.; Sartorelli, G.; Schulte, D.; Schumann, M.; Lavina, L. Scotto; Selvi, M.; Silva, M.; Simgen, H.; Steidl, M.; Terliuk, A.; Therreau, C.; Thers, D.; Thieme, K.; Trotta, R.; Tunnell, C. D.; Valerius, K.; Volta, G.; Vorkapic, D.; Weinheimer, C.; Wittweg, C.; Wolf, J.; Zopounidis, J. P.; Zuber, K.
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