Fishery discard survival depends on multiple conditions; caution is essential when survival study outputs are employed to support management decisions. The study presents a stepwise procedure, devised to estimate discard survival, that accounts for the variability characterizing commercial fishing practices. The procedure was applied to the first survival study performed onboard rapido trawlers targeting Solea solea in the Mediterranean Sea. Undersized specimens collected during sorting were assessed for vitality; some were retained for captive observation. The main drivers affecting discard survival at the time of catch sorting (immediate survival) were identified and used to outline four different operational conditions set (scenarios). Immediate survival in each scenario was subsequently modified by applying a hazard coefficient of survival after 5 days of captive observation in relation to each vitality class, thus obtaining relative survival estimates following discarding. Temperature and air exposure duration were found to exert a major effect on survival, with catch weight and seabed type being additional important factors. The relative survival rate showed an aggregate value of 22.9% (10.5-33.4%). Scenario approach can enhance our understanding of the stressors influencing discard survival. The outcomes are discussed to explore the potential applications of the procedure to the identification of mitigation strategies.

Relative survival scenarios: An application to undersized common sole (Solea solea L.) in a beam trawl fishery in the Mediterranean Sea

Masnadi F.
Primo
;
Armelloni E. N.
Secondo
;
Scanu M.;Cali F.;Luzi F.;Prioli G.;Piccioni E.;Scarcella G.
2020

Abstract

Fishery discard survival depends on multiple conditions; caution is essential when survival study outputs are employed to support management decisions. The study presents a stepwise procedure, devised to estimate discard survival, that accounts for the variability characterizing commercial fishing practices. The procedure was applied to the first survival study performed onboard rapido trawlers targeting Solea solea in the Mediterranean Sea. Undersized specimens collected during sorting were assessed for vitality; some were retained for captive observation. The main drivers affecting discard survival at the time of catch sorting (immediate survival) were identified and used to outline four different operational conditions set (scenarios). Immediate survival in each scenario was subsequently modified by applying a hazard coefficient of survival after 5 days of captive observation in relation to each vitality class, thus obtaining relative survival estimates following discarding. Temperature and air exposure duration were found to exert a major effect on survival, with catch weight and seabed type being additional important factors. The relative survival rate showed an aggregate value of 22.9% (10.5-33.4%). Scenario approach can enhance our understanding of the stressors influencing discard survival. The outcomes are discussed to explore the potential applications of the procedure to the identification of mitigation strategies.
Masnadi F.; Armelloni E.N.; Guicciardi S.; Pellini G.; Raicevich S.; Mazzoldi C.; Scanu M.; Sabatini L.; Tassetti A.N.; Ferra C.; Grati F.; Bolognini L.; Domenichetti F.; Cacciamani R.; Cali F.; Polidori P.; Fabi G.; Luzi F.; Giovanardi O.; Bernarello V.; Pasanisi E.; Franceschini G.; Breggion C.; Bozzetta E.; Sambo A.; Prioli G.; Gugnali A.; Piccioni E.; Fiori F.; Caruso F.; Scarcella G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/807497
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