Myelofibrosis (MF) is characterized by chronic inflammation and hyper-activation of the JAK-STAT pathway. Infections are one of the main causes of morbidity/mortality. Therapy with Ruxolitinib (RUX), a JAK1/2 inhibitor, may further increase the infectious risk. Monocytes are critical players in inflammation/immunity through cytokine production and release of bioactive extracellular vesicles. However, the functional behavior of MF monocytes, particularly during RUX therapy, is still unclear. In this study, we found that monocytes from JAK2V617F-mutated MF patients show an altered expression of chemokine (CCR2, CXCR3, CCR5) and cytokine (TNF-α-R, IL10-R, IL1β-R, IL6-R) receptors. Furthermore, their ability to produce and secrete free and extracellular vesicles-linked cytokines (IL1β, TNF-α, IL6, IL10) under lipopolysaccharides (LPS) stimulation is severely impaired. Interestingly, monocytes from RUX-treated patients show normal level of chemokine, IL10, IL1β, and IL6 receptors together with a restored ability to produce intracellular and to secrete extracellular vesicles-linked cytokines after LPS stimulation. Conversely, RUX therapy does not normalize TNF-R1/2 receptors expression and the LPS-driven secretion of free pro/anti-inflammatory cytokines. Accordingly, upon LPS stimulation, in vitro RUX treatment of monocytes from MF patients increases their secretion of extracellular vesicles-linked cytokines but inhibits the secretion of free pro/anti-inflammatory cytokines. In conclusion, we demonstrated that in MF the infection-driven response of circulating monocytes is defective. Importantly, RUX promotes their infection-driven cytokine production suggesting that infections following RUX therapy may not be due to monocyte failure. These findings contribute to better interpreting the immune vulnerability of MF and to envisaging strategies to improve the infection-driven immune response.

The role of circulating monocytes and JAK inhibition in the infectious-driven inflammatory response of myelofibrosis

Barone M;Catani L;Ricci F;Forte D;Auteri G;Bartoletti D;Vianelli N;Cavo M;Palandri F
2020

Abstract

Myelofibrosis (MF) is characterized by chronic inflammation and hyper-activation of the JAK-STAT pathway. Infections are one of the main causes of morbidity/mortality. Therapy with Ruxolitinib (RUX), a JAK1/2 inhibitor, may further increase the infectious risk. Monocytes are critical players in inflammation/immunity through cytokine production and release of bioactive extracellular vesicles. However, the functional behavior of MF monocytes, particularly during RUX therapy, is still unclear. In this study, we found that monocytes from JAK2V617F-mutated MF patients show an altered expression of chemokine (CCR2, CXCR3, CCR5) and cytokine (TNF-α-R, IL10-R, IL1β-R, IL6-R) receptors. Furthermore, their ability to produce and secrete free and extracellular vesicles-linked cytokines (IL1β, TNF-α, IL6, IL10) under lipopolysaccharides (LPS) stimulation is severely impaired. Interestingly, monocytes from RUX-treated patients show normal level of chemokine, IL10, IL1β, and IL6 receptors together with a restored ability to produce intracellular and to secrete extracellular vesicles-linked cytokines after LPS stimulation. Conversely, RUX therapy does not normalize TNF-R1/2 receptors expression and the LPS-driven secretion of free pro/anti-inflammatory cytokines. Accordingly, upon LPS stimulation, in vitro RUX treatment of monocytes from MF patients increases their secretion of extracellular vesicles-linked cytokines but inhibits the secretion of free pro/anti-inflammatory cytokines. In conclusion, we demonstrated that in MF the infection-driven response of circulating monocytes is defective. Importantly, RUX promotes their infection-driven cytokine production suggesting that infections following RUX therapy may not be due to monocyte failure. These findings contribute to better interpreting the immune vulnerability of MF and to envisaging strategies to improve the infection-driven immune response.
Barone M, Catani L , Ricci F , Romano M , Forte D, Auteri G, Bartoletti D, Ottaviani E , Tazzari PL, Vianelli N, Cavo M, Palandri F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/804793
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