Primary mediastinal B cell lymphoma is a rare entity and often should be promptly treated as a hematological emergency: The initial treatment decision is crucial for the management of this disease. An observational retrospective study was conducted with the aim to improve information on treatment and outcomes of primary mediastinal B cell lymphoma in real practice. After 12 cycles of MACOP-B regimen (methotrexate, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, bleomycin, and prednisone) with or without rituximab, 120 patients out of 151 (79.5%) achieved a complete response and 12 (7.9%) a partial response leading to a global response of 87.4%. The 21-year overall survival is 82.6%; progression-free and disease-free survivals are 69.3% and 86.4%, respectively. Regarding the role of radiotherapy (RT), patients with a negative PET scan after MACOP-B did not undergo RT: One out of these 48 (2.1%) showed a relapse at 11 months. All relapsed/refractory patients who achieved a response with checkpoint inhibitors are still in continuous complete response with a median follow-up of 14 months. Data that we have gathered over a 30-year experience in the treatment of primary mediastinal B cell lymphoma patients clearly indicate that a third-generation chemotherapy regimen such as MACOP-B is feasible and easily deliverable on an outpatient basis. Regarding the unmet medical need of relapsed/refractory patients, new encouraging results occurred with the advent of the checkpoint inhibitors.

Treatment and outcomes of primary mediastinal B cell lymphoma: a three-decade monocentric experience with 151 patients

Casadei B.;Argnani L.;Morigi A.;Lolli G.;Broccoli A.;Pellegrini C.;Nanni L.;Stefoni V.;Coppola P. E.;Carella M.;Cavo M.;Zinzani P. L.
2021

Abstract

Primary mediastinal B cell lymphoma is a rare entity and often should be promptly treated as a hematological emergency: The initial treatment decision is crucial for the management of this disease. An observational retrospective study was conducted with the aim to improve information on treatment and outcomes of primary mediastinal B cell lymphoma in real practice. After 12 cycles of MACOP-B regimen (methotrexate, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, bleomycin, and prednisone) with or without rituximab, 120 patients out of 151 (79.5%) achieved a complete response and 12 (7.9%) a partial response leading to a global response of 87.4%. The 21-year overall survival is 82.6%; progression-free and disease-free survivals are 69.3% and 86.4%, respectively. Regarding the role of radiotherapy (RT), patients with a negative PET scan after MACOP-B did not undergo RT: One out of these 48 (2.1%) showed a relapse at 11 months. All relapsed/refractory patients who achieved a response with checkpoint inhibitors are still in continuous complete response with a median follow-up of 14 months. Data that we have gathered over a 30-year experience in the treatment of primary mediastinal B cell lymphoma patients clearly indicate that a third-generation chemotherapy regimen such as MACOP-B is feasible and easily deliverable on an outpatient basis. Regarding the unmet medical need of relapsed/refractory patients, new encouraging results occurred with the advent of the checkpoint inhibitors.
Casadei B.; Argnani L.; Morigi A.; Lolli G.; Broccoli A.; Pellegrini C.; Nanni L.; Stefoni V.; Coppola P.E.; Carella M.; Cavo M.; Zinzani P.L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/804498
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