Composition and spectra of Galactic cosmic rays (CRs) are vital for studies of high-energy processes in a variety of environments and on different scales, for interpretation of γ-ray and microwave observations, for disentangling possible signatures of new phenomena, and for understanding of our local Galactic neighborhood. Since its launch, AMS-02 has delivered outstanding-quality measurements of the spectra of p¯, e+, and nuclei: 1H-8O, 10Ne, 12Mg, 14Si. These measurements resulted in a number of breakthroughs; however, spectra of heavier nuclei and especially low-abundance nuclei are not expected until later in the mission. Meanwhile, a comparison of published AMS-02 results with earlier data from HEAO-3-C2 indicates that HEAO-3-C2 data may be affected by undocumented systematic errors. Utilizing such data to compensate for the lack of AMS-02 measurements could result in significant errors. In this paper we show that a fraction of HEAO-3-C2 data match available AMS-02 measurements quite well and can be used together with Voyager 1 and ACE-CRIS data to make predictions for the local interstellar spectra (LIS) of nuclei that are not yet released by AMS-02. We are also updating our already-published LIS to provide a complete set from 1H-28Ni in the energy range from 1 MeV nucleon−1 to ∼100-500 TeV nucleon−1, thus covering 8-9 orders of magnitude in energy. Our calculations employ the GALPROP-HELMOD framework, which has proved to be a reliable tool in deriving the LIS of CR p¯, e−, and nuclei 1H-8O.

Inference of the local interstellar spectra of cosmic-ray nuclei Z ≼ 28 with the GALPROP-HELMOD Framework

Masi N.;Quadrani L.;Tacconi M.
2020

Abstract

Composition and spectra of Galactic cosmic rays (CRs) are vital for studies of high-energy processes in a variety of environments and on different scales, for interpretation of γ-ray and microwave observations, for disentangling possible signatures of new phenomena, and for understanding of our local Galactic neighborhood. Since its launch, AMS-02 has delivered outstanding-quality measurements of the spectra of p¯, e+, and nuclei: 1H-8O, 10Ne, 12Mg, 14Si. These measurements resulted in a number of breakthroughs; however, spectra of heavier nuclei and especially low-abundance nuclei are not expected until later in the mission. Meanwhile, a comparison of published AMS-02 results with earlier data from HEAO-3-C2 indicates that HEAO-3-C2 data may be affected by undocumented systematic errors. Utilizing such data to compensate for the lack of AMS-02 measurements could result in significant errors. In this paper we show that a fraction of HEAO-3-C2 data match available AMS-02 measurements quite well and can be used together with Voyager 1 and ACE-CRIS data to make predictions for the local interstellar spectra (LIS) of nuclei that are not yet released by AMS-02. We are also updating our already-published LIS to provide a complete set from 1H-28Ni in the energy range from 1 MeV nucleon−1 to ∼100-500 TeV nucleon−1, thus covering 8-9 orders of magnitude in energy. Our calculations employ the GALPROP-HELMOD framework, which has proved to be a reliable tool in deriving the LIS of CR p¯, e−, and nuclei 1H-8O.
Boschini M.J.; della Torre S.; Gervasi M.; Grandi D.; Johannesson G.; la Vacca G.; Masi N.; Moskalenko I.V.; Pensotti S.; Porter T.A.; Quadrani L.; Rancoita P.G.; Rozza D.; Tacconi M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/800010
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