Objective: To review the clinical features of acute acquired concomitant esotropia in myopia and the results of augmented bilateral symmetrical medial rectus recession. Methods: The medical charts of 50 patients diagnosed with acute acquired concomitant esotropia associated with myopia between 2013 and 2018 were reviewed. The dose-response was calculated, and the relationship of sex, age, refraction, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), preoperative deviation angle, and stereopsis with surgical results were analysed. Results: Forty-six patients (mean age 40.1 ± 18.1 years) were included in the study. Preoperative esotropia angle at near and distance were, respectively, 26.0 ± 7.5 PD and 25.2 ± 7.9 PD. Surgery amount was 12.1 ± 1.8 mm of recession, and surgical success was achieved in 38 patients (82.6%). No overcorrections were recorded. At 1-year follow-up, the mean deviation angle at distance and at near was 1.9 ± 2.4 and 1.7 ± 2.1 PD, and no recurrences were observed. The average dose-response was 1.8 ± 0.6 PD/mm and was positively correlated with preoperative angle of deviation (R2 = 0.799, p < 0.001) and negatively correlated with age (R2 = −0.365, p = 0.013). Conversely, there were no significant associations between dose-response and sex, refractive error, BCVA, or stereopsis (all p > 0.05). Factors associated with surgical failure were a lower amount of recession and absence of stereopsis. Conclusions: Augmented bilateral medial rectus recession allows good motor and sensory results in patients with acute acquired concomitant esotropia associated with myopia.

Augmented bimedial rectus muscles recession in acute acquired concomitant esotropia associated with myopia

Roda M.
Primo
Conceptualization
;
Pellegrini M.
Secondo
Methodology
;
Rosti A.
Investigation
;
Fresina M.
Penultimo
Data Curation
;
Schiavi C.
Ultimo
Supervision
2021

Abstract

Objective: To review the clinical features of acute acquired concomitant esotropia in myopia and the results of augmented bilateral symmetrical medial rectus recession. Methods: The medical charts of 50 patients diagnosed with acute acquired concomitant esotropia associated with myopia between 2013 and 2018 were reviewed. The dose-response was calculated, and the relationship of sex, age, refraction, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), preoperative deviation angle, and stereopsis with surgical results were analysed. Results: Forty-six patients (mean age 40.1 ± 18.1 years) were included in the study. Preoperative esotropia angle at near and distance were, respectively, 26.0 ± 7.5 PD and 25.2 ± 7.9 PD. Surgery amount was 12.1 ± 1.8 mm of recession, and surgical success was achieved in 38 patients (82.6%). No overcorrections were recorded. At 1-year follow-up, the mean deviation angle at distance and at near was 1.9 ± 2.4 and 1.7 ± 2.1 PD, and no recurrences were observed. The average dose-response was 1.8 ± 0.6 PD/mm and was positively correlated with preoperative angle of deviation (R2 = 0.799, p < 0.001) and negatively correlated with age (R2 = −0.365, p = 0.013). Conversely, there were no significant associations between dose-response and sex, refractive error, BCVA, or stereopsis (all p > 0.05). Factors associated with surgical failure were a lower amount of recession and absence of stereopsis. Conclusions: Augmented bilateral medial rectus recession allows good motor and sensory results in patients with acute acquired concomitant esotropia associated with myopia.
Roda M.; Pellegrini M.; Rosti A.; Fresina M.; Schiavi C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/798919
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