Erythropoiesis regulation is essential in normal physiology and pathology, particularly in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and β-thalassemia. Several signaling transduction processes, including those regulated by inositides, are implicated in erythropoiesis, and the latest MDS or β-thalassemia preclinical and clinical studies are now based on their regulation. Among others, the main pathways involved are those regulated by transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, which negatively regulates erythrocyte differentiation and maturation, and erythropoietin (EPO), which acts on the early-stage erythropoiesis. Also small mother against decapentaplegic (SMAD) signaling molecules play a role in pathology, and activin receptor ligand traps are being investigated for future clinical applications. Even inositide-dependent signaling, which is important in the regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation, is specifically associated with erythropoiesis, with phospholipase C (PLC) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) as key players that are becoming increasingly important as new promising therapeutic targets. Additionally, Roxadustat, a new erythropoiesis stimulating agent targeting hypoxia inducible factor (HIF), is under clinical development. Here, we review the role and function of the above-mentioned signaling pathways, and we describe the state of the art and new perspectives of erythropoiesis regulation in MDS and β-thalassemia.

Clinical and molecular insights in erythropoiesis regulation of signal transduction pathways in myelodysplastic syndromes and β-thalassemia

Parisi S.;Fazio A.;De Stefano A.;Mongiorgi S.;Ratti S.;Cappellini A.;Billi A. M.;Cocco L.;Follo M. Y.;Manzoli L.
2021

Abstract

Erythropoiesis regulation is essential in normal physiology and pathology, particularly in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and β-thalassemia. Several signaling transduction processes, including those regulated by inositides, are implicated in erythropoiesis, and the latest MDS or β-thalassemia preclinical and clinical studies are now based on their regulation. Among others, the main pathways involved are those regulated by transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, which negatively regulates erythrocyte differentiation and maturation, and erythropoietin (EPO), which acts on the early-stage erythropoiesis. Also small mother against decapentaplegic (SMAD) signaling molecules play a role in pathology, and activin receptor ligand traps are being investigated for future clinical applications. Even inositide-dependent signaling, which is important in the regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation, is specifically associated with erythropoiesis, with phospholipase C (PLC) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) as key players that are becoming increasingly important as new promising therapeutic targets. Additionally, Roxadustat, a new erythropoiesis stimulating agent targeting hypoxia inducible factor (HIF), is under clinical development. Here, we review the role and function of the above-mentioned signaling pathways, and we describe the state of the art and new perspectives of erythropoiesis regulation in MDS and β-thalassemia.
Parisi S.; Finelli C.; Fazio A.; De Stefano A.; Mongiorgi S.; Ratti S.; Cappellini A.; Billi A.M.; Cocco L.; Follo M.Y.; Manzoli L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/797082
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