BACKGROUND In the ISCHEMIA-CKD trial, the primary analysis showed no significant difference in the risk of death or myocardial infarction with initial angiography and revascularization plus guideline-based medical therapy (invasive strategy) as compared with guideline-based medical therapy alone (conservative strategy) in participants with stable ischemic heart disease, moderate or severe ischemia, and advanced chronic kidney disease (an estimated glomerular filtration rate of <30 ml per minute per 1.73 m2 or receipt of dialysis). A secondary objective of the trial was to assess angina-related health status. METHODS We assessed health status with the Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ) before randomization and at 1.5, 3, and 6 months and every 6 months thereafter. The primary outcome of this analysis was the SAQ Summary score (ranging from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating less frequent angina and better function and quality of life). Mixed-effects cumulative probability models within a Bayesian framework were used to estimate the treatment effect with the invasive strategy. RESULTS Health status was assessed in 705 of 777 participants. Nearly half the participants (49%) had had no angina during the month before randomization. At 3 months, the estimated mean difference between the invasive-strategy group and the conservative-strategy group in the SAQ Summary score was 2.1 points (95% credible interval, −0.4 to 4.6), a result that favored the invasive strategy. The mean difference in score at 3 months was largest among participants with daily or weekly angina at baseline (10.1 points; 95% credible interval, 0.0 to 19.9), smaller among those with monthly angina at baseline (2.2 points; 95% credible interval, −2.0 to 6.2), and nearly absent among those without angina at baseline (0.6 points; 95% credible interval, −1.9 to 3.3). By 6 months, the between-group difference in the overall trial population was attenuated (0.5 points; 95% credible interval, −2.2 to 3.4). CONCLUSIONS Participants with stable ischemic heart disease, moderate or severe ischemia, and advanced chronic kidney disease did not have substantial or sustained benefits with regard to angina-related health status with an initially invasive strategy as compared with a conservative strategy.

Health status after invasive or conservative care in coronary and advanced kidney disease

Raffaele Bugiardini;
2020

Abstract

BACKGROUND In the ISCHEMIA-CKD trial, the primary analysis showed no significant difference in the risk of death or myocardial infarction with initial angiography and revascularization plus guideline-based medical therapy (invasive strategy) as compared with guideline-based medical therapy alone (conservative strategy) in participants with stable ischemic heart disease, moderate or severe ischemia, and advanced chronic kidney disease (an estimated glomerular filtration rate of <30 ml per minute per 1.73 m2 or receipt of dialysis). A secondary objective of the trial was to assess angina-related health status. METHODS We assessed health status with the Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ) before randomization and at 1.5, 3, and 6 months and every 6 months thereafter. The primary outcome of this analysis was the SAQ Summary score (ranging from 0 to 100, with higher scores indicating less frequent angina and better function and quality of life). Mixed-effects cumulative probability models within a Bayesian framework were used to estimate the treatment effect with the invasive strategy. RESULTS Health status was assessed in 705 of 777 participants. Nearly half the participants (49%) had had no angina during the month before randomization. At 3 months, the estimated mean difference between the invasive-strategy group and the conservative-strategy group in the SAQ Summary score was 2.1 points (95% credible interval, −0.4 to 4.6), a result that favored the invasive strategy. The mean difference in score at 3 months was largest among participants with daily or weekly angina at baseline (10.1 points; 95% credible interval, 0.0 to 19.9), smaller among those with monthly angina at baseline (2.2 points; 95% credible interval, −2.0 to 6.2), and nearly absent among those without angina at baseline (0.6 points; 95% credible interval, −1.9 to 3.3). By 6 months, the between-group difference in the overall trial population was attenuated (0.5 points; 95% credible interval, −2.2 to 3.4). CONCLUSIONS Participants with stable ischemic heart disease, moderate or severe ischemia, and advanced chronic kidney disease did not have substantial or sustained benefits with regard to angina-related health status with an initially invasive strategy as compared with a conservative strategy.
Spertus J.A.; Jones P.G.; Maron D.J.; Mark D.B.; O'Brien S.M.; Fleg J.L.; Reynolds H.R.; Stone G.W.; Sidhu M.S.; Chaitman B.R.; Chertow G.M.; Hochman J.S.; Bangalore S; ISCHEMIA-CKD Research Group: Abdallah M Abdallah, Abel E Moreyra, Abhay A Laddu, Abhishek Dubey, Abhishek Goyal, Abigail Knighton, Adedayo Adeboye, Agne Juceviciene, Agne Urboniene, Agnieszka Szramowska, Ahmed Abdel-Latif, Ahmed Ayoub, Ahmed Elghamaz, Ahmed Kamal, Ahmed Talaat, Ajay Sharma, Ajit Singh Narula, Akshay Bagai, Akvile Smigelskaite, Alain Raymond, Alain Rheault, Alaine Melanie Loehr, Albert Varga, Aldo P Maggioni, Alec Moorman, Alejandro Chevaile Ramos, Alejandro Gisbert, Aleksandra Fratczak, Aleksandras Laucevicius, Alexander M Chernyavskiy, Alexander Sergeevich Borisov, Alexandra Craft, Alexandra Hunter, Alexandre Ciappina Hueb, Alexandre Schaan de Quadros, Alice Manica Muller, Aline Peixoto Deiro, Allegra Stone, Almudena Castro, Amar Uxa, Amaryllis Van Craenenbroeck, Ambuj Roy, Amit Kakkar, Amy Flowers, Amy Iskandrian, Ana D Djordjevic-Dikic, Ana Gomes Almeida, Ana Rita Francisco, Ana S Mladenovic, Ana Santana, Anandaroop Lahiri, Anastasia M Kuzmina-Krutetskaya, Anastasia Vamvakidou, Andras Vertes, Andre Gabriel, Andrea Bartykowszki, Andrea Lorimer, Andrea Pascual, Andreia Coelho, Andreia Rocha, Andrés García-Rincón, Andrew Starovoytov, Andrzej Łabyk, Anelise Kawakami, Angela Hoye, Angelo Nobre, Anjali Acharya, Anjali Anand, Anjana Rishmawi, Ann Banfield, Ann Luyten, Anna Cichocka-Radwan, Anna Fojt, Anna Plachcinska, Anna Teresinska, Anne Marie Webb, Anne Heath, Anoop Mathew, Antonia Vega, Antonio Carvalho, Antonio Colombo, Antonio Fiarresga, Anu Tharini, Anupama Rao, Aquiles Valdespino-Estrada, Ariel Diaz, Arif Asif, Arnold H Seto, Arturo S Campos-Santaolalla, Asim N Cheema, Asker Ahmed, Atul Mathur, Audrey W Leong, Axel Åkerblom, Axelle Fuentes, Aynun Naher, Badhma Valaiyapathi, Balaji Srinivasan, Baljeet Kaur, Balram Bhargava, Bandula Guruge, Barbara Wicklund, Bartosz Czarniak, 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Zixiang Yu, Zoltan Davidovits, Zvezdana Petronijevic
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