BACKGROUND Clinical trials that have assessed the effect of revascularization in patients with stable coronary disease have routinely excluded those with advanced chronic kidney disease. METHODS We randomly assigned 777 patients with advanced kidney disease and moderate or severe ischemia on stress testing to be treated with an initial invasive strategy consisting of coronary angiography and revascularization (if appropriate) added to medical therapy or an initial conservative strategy consisting of medical therapy alone and angiography reserved for those in whom medical therapy had failed. The primary outcome was a composite of death or nonfatal myocardial infarction. A key secondary outcome was a composite of death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or hospitalization for unstable angina, heart failure, or resuscitated cardiac arrest. RESULTS At a median follow-up of 2.2 years, a primary outcome event had occurred in 123 patients in the invasive-strategy group and in 129 patients in the conservative-strategy group (estimated 3-year event rate, 36.4% vs. 36.7%; adjusted hazard ratio, 1.01; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.79 to 1.29; P=0.95). Results for the key secondary outcome were similar (38.5% vs. 39.7%; hazard ratio, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.79 to 1.29). The invasive strategy was associated with a higher incidence of stroke than the conservative strategy (hazard ratio, 3.76; 95% CI, 1.52 to 9.32; P=0.004) and with a higher incidence of death or initiation of dialysis (hazard ratio, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.04 to 2.11; P=0.03). CONCLUSIONS Among patients with stable coronary disease, advanced chronic kidney disease, and moderate or severe ischemia, we did not find evidence that an initial invasive strategy, as compared with an initial conservative strategy, reduced the risk of death or nonfatal myocardial infarction.

Management of coronary disease in patients with advanced kidney disease

Raffaele Bugiardini;
2020

Abstract

BACKGROUND Clinical trials that have assessed the effect of revascularization in patients with stable coronary disease have routinely excluded those with advanced chronic kidney disease. METHODS We randomly assigned 777 patients with advanced kidney disease and moderate or severe ischemia on stress testing to be treated with an initial invasive strategy consisting of coronary angiography and revascularization (if appropriate) added to medical therapy or an initial conservative strategy consisting of medical therapy alone and angiography reserved for those in whom medical therapy had failed. The primary outcome was a composite of death or nonfatal myocardial infarction. A key secondary outcome was a composite of death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or hospitalization for unstable angina, heart failure, or resuscitated cardiac arrest. RESULTS At a median follow-up of 2.2 years, a primary outcome event had occurred in 123 patients in the invasive-strategy group and in 129 patients in the conservative-strategy group (estimated 3-year event rate, 36.4% vs. 36.7%; adjusted hazard ratio, 1.01; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.79 to 1.29; P=0.95). Results for the key secondary outcome were similar (38.5% vs. 39.7%; hazard ratio, 1.01; 95% CI, 0.79 to 1.29). The invasive strategy was associated with a higher incidence of stroke than the conservative strategy (hazard ratio, 3.76; 95% CI, 1.52 to 9.32; P=0.004) and with a higher incidence of death or initiation of dialysis (hazard ratio, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.04 to 2.11; P=0.03). CONCLUSIONS Among patients with stable coronary disease, advanced chronic kidney disease, and moderate or severe ischemia, we did not find evidence that an initial invasive strategy, as compared with an initial conservative strategy, reduced the risk of death or nonfatal myocardial infarction.
Bangalore S.; Maron D.J.; O'Brien S.M.; Fleg J.L.; Kretov E.I.; Briguori C.; Kaul U.; Reynolds H.R.; Mazurek T.; Sidhu M.S.; Berger J.S.; Mathew R.O.; Bockeria O.; Broderick S.; Pracon R.; Herzog C.A.; Huang Z.; Stone G.W.; Boden W.E.; Newman J.D.; Ali Z.A.; Mark D.B.; Spertus J.A.; Alexander K.P.; Chaitman B.R.; Chertow G.M.; Hochman J.S.; Abdallah M Abdallah, Abel E Moreyra, Abhay A Laddu, Abhishek Dubey, Abhishek Goyal, Abigail Knighton, Adedayo Adeboye, Agne Juceviciene, Agne Urboniene, Agnieszka Szramowska, Ahmed Abdel-Latif, Ahmed Ayoub, Ahmed Elghamaz, Ahmed Kamal, Ahmed Talaat, Ajay Sharma, Ajit Singh Narula, Akshay Bagai, Akvile Smigelskaite, Alain Raymond, Alain Rheault, Alaine Melanie Loehr, Albert Varga, Aldo P Maggioni, Alec Moorman, Alejandro Chevaile Ramos, Alejandro Gisbert, Aleksandra Fratczak, Aleksandras Laucevicius, Alexander M Chernyavskiy, Alexander Sergeevich Borisov, Alexandra Craft, Alexandra Hunter, Alexandre Ciappina Hueb, Alexandre Schaan de Quadros, Alice Manica Muller, Aline Peixoto Deiro, Allegra Stone, Almudena Castro, Amar Uxa, Amaryllis Van Craenenbroeck, Ambuj Roy, Amit Kakkar, Amy Flowers, Amy Iskandrian, Ana D Djordjevic-Dikic, Ana Gomes Almeida, Ana Rita Francisco, Ana S Mladenovic, Ana Santana, Anandaroop Lahiri, Anastasia M Kuzmina-Krutetskaya, Anastasia Vamvakidou, Andras Vertes, Andre Gabriel, Andrea Bartykowszki, Andrea Lorimer, Andrea Pascual, Andreia Coelho, Andreia Rocha, Andrés García-Rincón, Andrew Starovoytov, Andrzej Łabyk, Anelise Kawakami, Angela Hoye, Angelo Nobre, Anjali Acharya, Anjali Anand, Anjana Rishmawi, Ann Banfield, Ann Luyten, Anna Cichocka-Radwan, Anna Fojt, Anna Plachcinska, Anna Teresinska, Anne Marie Webb, Anne Heath, Anoop Mathew, Antonia Vega, Antonio Carvalho, Antonio Colombo, Antonio Fiarresga, Anu Tharini, Anupama Rao, Aquiles Valdespino-Estrada, Ariel Diaz, Arif Asif, Arnold H Seto, Arturo S Campos-Santaolalla, Asim N Cheema, Asker Ahmed, Atul Mathur, Audrey W Leong, Axel Åkerblom, Axelle Fuentes, Aynun Naher, Badhma Valaiyapathi, Balaji Srinivasan, Baljeet Kaur, Balram Bhargava, Bandula Guruge, Barbara Wicklund, Bartosz Czarniak, Bebek Singh, Begoña Igual, Bela Merkely, Benoy N Shah, Bernard de Bruyne, Beth Abramson, Beth Stefanchik, Bethany Harvey, Bharati Shivalkar, Bilal Malik, Binoy Mannekkattukudy Kurian, Bougrida Hammouche, Branko D Beleslin, Bruce Ferguson, Bruce McManus, Bruna Maria Ascoli, Bryn Smith, Byron J Allen, C Michael Gibson, C Noel Bairey Merz, Calin Pop, Carl-Éric Gagné, Carly Ohmart, Carol M Kartje, Caroline Alsweiler, Caroline Rodgers, Caroline Spindler, Carolyn J Gruber, Catherine Albert, Catherine Bone, Catherine Lemay, Cezary Kepka, Chandini Suvarna, Chantale Mercure, Charlene Wiyarand, Chetan Patel, Chiara Attanasio, Chi-Ming Chow, Ching Min Er, Ching-Ching Ong, Cholenahally Nanjappa Manjunath, Chris Buller, Christel Vassaliere, Christiaan Vrints, Christian Witzke, Christie Ballantyne, Christina Björklund, Christine Roraff, Christophe Laure, Christophe Thuaire, Christopher Chan, Christopher Fordyce, Christopher Kinsey, Chunli Xia, Cidney Schultz, Claes Held, Claudia Cortés, Claudia Escobar, Cláudia Freixo, Clemens T Kadalie, Corine Thobois, Courtney Page, Cristina Bare, Dalisa Espinosa, Dan Gao, Dana Rizk, Daniela Puzhevsky, Data Analyst, David M Charytan, David O Williams, David Booth, David Charytan, David Cohen, David DeMets, David Foo, David Goldfarb, David Schlichting, David Sisson, David Taggart, David Waters, David Wheeler, David Williams, Davis Vo, Dawid Teodorczyk, Dawn D Shelstad, Dean Kereiakes, Deborah Yip, Deepa Ramaswamy, Deirdre Mattina, Deirdre Murphy, Dengke Jiang, Derek Cyr, Diana Cukali, Diane Camara, Dimitrios Stournaras, Dipti Patel, Dongze Li, Donna Exley, Doreen Reimann, Doron Schwartz, Duarte Cacela, Dwayne S G Conway, Eapen Punnoose, Edgar L Tay, Edgar Karanjah, Eduardo Gomes Lima, Eduardo Hernandez-Rangel, Edward D Nicol, Edyta Kaczmarska, Elena Refoyo Salicio, Eli Feen, Elihú Durán-Cortés, Elisabeth M Janzen, Elise van Dongen, Elissa Restelli Piloto, Elizabeta Srbinovska Kostovska, Elizabeth Capasso-Gulve, Elizaveta V Zbyshevskaya, Ellie Fridell, Ellis W Lader, Elvira Gosmanova, Emilie Tachot, Emma Howard, Emmanuel Sorbets, Encarnación Alonso-Álvarez, Eric Daugas, Erick Alexánderson Rosas, Estelle Montpetit, Eugene Passamani, Evgeny Shutov, Ewa Szczerba, Ewelina Wojtala, Expedito Eustáquio Ribeiro Silva, Fabio Fimiani, Fadi Hage, Fahim Haider Jafary, Fang Feng, Fatima Ranjbaran, Fausto J Pinto, Fernando Caeiro, Fernando Nolasco, Filipa Silva, Filippo Ottani, Firas Al Solaiman, Flávia Egydio, Florina Chereches, Francesca De Micco, Francesca Bianchini, Francesca Pietrucci, Francesco Orso, Francesco Pisano, Francisca Patuleia Figueiras, François Madore, Frank Harrell, Frank Rockhold, Frans Van de Werf, Franziska Guenther, Fred Mohr, G Karthikeyan, Gabriel Galeote, Gabriel Grossmann, Gabriel Steg, Gabriela Guzman, Gabriele Gabrielli, Gang Chen, Gautam Sharma, Gaylin Petty, Gelmina Mikolaitiene, Gennie Yee, Gerard Patrick Devlin, Gerard Esposito, Gergely Ágoston, Gervasio Lamas, Gia Cobb, Gian Piero Perna, Gianpiero Leone, Girish Mishra, Gonzalo Barge-Caballero, Grace M Young, Graciela Scaro, Graham Wong, Gregg Pressman, Gregor Simonis, Gudrun Steinmaurer, Guilherme Portugal, Guilhermina Cantinho Lopes, Guillermo Garcia-Garcia, Guoqin Wang, Gurpreet S Wander, Gurpreet Gulati, Haibo Zhang, Halina Marciniak, Hao Dai, Haojian Dong, Harold Franch, Harvey White, Hatem Elabd, Hayley Pomeroy, Heather Golden, Heidi Wilson, Helene Abergel, Hemalata Siddaram, Hemant Shakhar Mahapatra, Henry C Stokes, Hermine Osseni, Herwig Schuchlenz, Hicham Skali, Holly Mattix-Kramer, Hong Cheng, Hossam Mahrous, Hristo Pejkov, Hugo Marques, Hui Zhong, Hussien El Fishawy, Ian Webb, Iftikhar Kullo, Igor O Grazhdankin, Ikraam Hassan, Ileana L Pina, Ilona Tamasauskiene, Inês Zimbarra Cabrita, Ines Rodrigues, Inga Soveri, Irena Peovska Mitevska, Irene Marthe Lang, Irina Subbotina, Irma Kalibataite-Rutkauskiene, Isabelle Roy, Ishita Tejani, Ivan A Naryshkin, Ivana Jankovic, Iwona Niedzwiecka, Jacek Kusmierek, Jackie Chow, Jaekyeong Heo, Jakub Maksym, James E Davies, James J Jang, James Hirsch, James Tatoulis, Jan Henzel, Janaina Oliveira, Janani Rangaswami, Jane Eckstein, Janitha Raj, Jaqueline Pozzibon, Jaroslaw Drozdz, Jason Loh Kwok Kong, Jason T Call, Jason Linefsky, Javier J Garcia, Jay Meisner, Jayne Scales, Jean Michel Juliard, Jean Diodati, Jean-Michel Juliard, Jeanne Russo, Jeannette J M Schoep, Jeff Leimberger, Jeffrey C Milliken, Jeffrey Anderson, Jeffrey Kanters, Jeffrey Lorin, Jeffrey Moses, Jelena J Stepanovic, Jelena Celutkiene, Jelena Stojkovic, Jenne M Jose, Jennifer L Stanford, Jennifer Hogan, Jennifer Horst, Jennifer Isaacs, Jennifer Thomson, Jennifer Tomfohr, Jennifer White, Jerry Yee, Jessica Berg, Jesus Peteiro, Jesús Peteiro, Jia Li, Jiamin Liu, Jianxin Zhang, Jill Marcus, Jim Blankenship, Jing Dong, Jiyan Chen, Jo Evans, Joaquín V Peñafiel, Joe Sabik, Johann Christopher, John B Kostis, John Joseph Graham, John Doan, John Jose, John Kotter, John Lehman, John Middleton, John Pownall, Jonathan M Gleadle, Jonathan S Chavez-Iñiguez, Jonathan Byrne, Jonathan Himmelfarb, Jonathan Lebowitz, Jonean Thorsen, Jorge Carrillo Calvillo, Jorge Escobedo, José A Ortega-Ramírez, José J Cuenca-Castillo, Jose L Diez, José Luis Narro Villanueva, José Luiz da Costa Vieira, José M Flores-Palacios, Jose Fragata, Jose Lopes, Jose Lopez-Sendon, José Lopez-Sendon, Jose Rueda, Joseph B Selvanayagam, Joseph Sacco, Joshua P Loh, Joy Burkhardt, Juan Manuel López Quijano, Juan Gaztanaga, Judit Sebo, Judith Wright, Juergen Stumpf, Julia de Aveiro Morata, Julio César Figal, Julio Hernandez Jaras, Junqing Yang, Jyotsna Garg, K Manjula Rani, K Preethi, Kaatje Goetschalckx, Karen Calfas, Karen Petrosyan, Karen Servilla, Karen Swan, Karin Ploetze, Karolina Kryczka, Karolina Wojtczak-Soska, Karolina Wojtera, Karthik Ramasamy, Katarzyna Łuczak, Katarzyna Malinowska, Katharina Knaut, Katherine Martin, Kathleen Claes, Kathryn Mason, Ken Mahaffey, Kenneth Gin, Kerry Lee, Kerstin Bonin, Kerstin Mikes, Kevin R Bainey, Kevin T Harley, Kevin Marzo, Kevin McMahon, Khaled Abdul-Nour, Khaled Alfakih, Khaled Dajani, Khrystyna Kushniriuk, Kian-Keong Poh, Kim Holland, Kimberly E Halverson, Kinnari Murphy, Kiran Reddy, Kirsten J Quiles, Kirsty Abercrombie, Klaus Matschke, Konrad Szymczyk, Koo Hui Chan, Kreton Mavromatis, Krishnakumar Hongalgi, Kristian Thygesen, Kristin M Salmi, Kristin Newby, Kristine Arges, Kristine Teoh, Krzysztof Drzymalski, Lalathaksha Kumbar, Laszlone Matics, LaTonya J Hickson, Laura Keinaite, Laura Sarti, Laura True, Lawrence M Phillips, Lawrence Friedman, Leandro C Maranan, Leda Lotaif, Lekshmi Dharmarajan, Leo A Bockeria, Leonardo Pizzol Caetano, Leonardo Bridi, Leonid L Bershtein, Li Hai Yan, Li Li, Lidia Sousa, Lihong Xu, Lihua Zhang, Lili Zhang, Lilian Mazza Barbosa, Liljana Tozija, Linda Arcand, Lino Patricio, Liping Zhang, Lisa Hatch, Lixin Jiang, Liz Low, Loay Salman, Lorena Lopez, Lori Pritchard, Luis Bernanrdes, Luis Guzman, Lynette L Teo, M Sowjanya Reddy, Maarten Simoons, Maayan Konigstein, Mafalda Selas, Magdalena Madero, Magdalena Miller, Magdalena Misztal-Teodorczyk, Magdy Abdelhamid, Magid Fahim, Mahevamma Mylarappa, Majo X Joseph, Malgorzata Frach, Manjula Rani, Marcello Galvani, Marcin Demkow, Marcin Szkopiak, Marco De Fabritis, Marco Magnoni, Marco Marini, Marco Sicuro, Marek Roik, Maria A Alfonso, Maria Antonieta Pereira de Moraes, María Dolores Martínez-Ruíz, Maria Eugenia Canziani, Maria Eugenia Martin, Maria Inês Caetano, Maria P Corral, Maria Pérez García, Maria Andreasson, Maria Posada, Marianna D A Dracoulakis, Mariano Rubio, Marija T Petrovic, Marina Vieira, Mario J Garcia, Mario D'arezzo, Maris Orgera, Marius Miglinas, Mark Garand, Mark Peterson, Mark Xavier, Marlowe Mosley, Marta Capinha, Marta Swiderek, Martha Meyer, Martina Ceseri, Martinia Tricoli, Mary Wiilliams, Mary Ann Champagne, Mary Streif, Massoud Leesar, Matei Claudia, Mateusz Solecki, Matías Nicolás Mungo, Matthew Shinseki, Matthew Weir, Maura Carina Nédio, Max-Paul Winter, Mayil S Krishnam, Meenakshi Mishra, Mei Hwang, Melemadathil Srilatha, Melissa LeFevre, Mengistu Simegn, Michael A Gibson, Michael B Rubens, Michael D Shapiro, Michael Chobanian, Michael Davidson, Michael Farkouh, Michael Mack, Michal Wlodarczyk, Michel G Khouri, Michelle Crowder, Michelle Ratliff, Miguel Borges Santos, Miguel Nobre Menezes, Miguel Perez Fontan, Miguel Barrero, Mihaly Tapolyai, Mikhail T Torosoff, Milan R Dobric, Milind Avdhoot Gadkari, Min Tun Kyaw, Miri Revivo, Mitchel B Lustre, Mohamed Adel, Mohamed Hassan, Mohammad El-Hajjar, Mohammed Hussain, Mohammed Saleem, Moisés Blanco-Calvo, Moisés Jiménez-Santos, Monika Laukyte, Muhamed Saric, Myrthes Emy Takiuti, Nadia Asif, Nagaraja Moorthy, Naima L Ogletree, Nana O Katamadze, Nandita Nataraj, Naomi Uchida, Nasrul Ismail, Natalia S Oliveira, Natalia de Carvalho Maffei, Nathalie Brosens, Naved Aslam, Naveed Akhtar, Neamat Mowafy, Neeraj Pandit, Neeraj Parakh, Neesh Pannu, Neill Duncan, Nevena Garcevic, Ngaire Meadows, Nicholas Danchin, Nicole Deming, Nikola N Boskovic, Nikolaos Karogiannis, Ning Zhang, Nirmal Kumar, Niruta Sharma, Nitika Chadha, Nitish Naik, Noelle M Durfee, Nora M Cosgrove, Norbert Urbanski, Norma Hogg, Olga Walesiak, Olga Zdończyk, Olga Zhdanova, Olivia Anaya, Olugbenga Bello, Omar Almousalli, Omar Thompson, Orit Kliuk, Oscar Méndiz, Óscar Prada-Delgado, Oz Shapira, Pablo Raffaele, Page Salanger, Pal Maurovich-Horvat, Pallav Garg, Paloma Moraga, Pam Singh, Pamela Ouyang, Pamela Woodard, Paola Emanuela Poggio Smanio, Paola Smanio, Paolo Calabro, Patricia K Nguyen, Patricia Alarie, Patricia Carrilho, Patricia Endsley, Patricia Pellikka, Patrycja Lebioda, Paul Der Mesropian, Paul Hauptman, Paula García-González, Paula Wilson, Paulo Cury Rezende, Paulo Novis Rocha, Pedro Canas Silva, Pedro Farto E Abreu, Pedro Píccaro de Oliveira, Pedro Carvalho, Pedro Modas, Pedro Rio, Peiyu He, Peter A McCullough, Peter H Stone, Peter Douglass, Peter Sizeland, Peter Voros, Philippe Gabriel Steg, Philippe Genereux, Philippe Généreux, Philippe Menasche, Philippe Rheault, Piero Tassinario, Pierre Gervais, Pilar Calvillo, Ping Chai, Piotr Jakubowski, Piotr Pruszczyk, Poay-Huan Loh, Pouneh Samadi, Prakash Deedwania, Pranav M Patel, Praneeth Polamuri, Pratiksha Sharma, Preeti Kamath, Prince Thomas, Priyadarshani Arambam, Puneet Sodhi, Pushpa Naik, Qi Zhong, Qian Zhao, Qianqian Yuan, Qiulan Xie, Rachel Murphy, Radmila Lyubarova, Radmilar Lyubarova, Raewyn Fisher, Rafael Diaz, Rafael Maldonado, Rafael Selgas, Raffaele Bugiardini, Rafia Chaudhry, Raisa Kavalakkat, Rajalekshmi Vs, Rajesh Gopalan Nair, Rajiv Narang, Rakesh Yadav, Ramiro Carvalho, Ramon de Jesús-Pérez, Ran Leng, Ranjan Kachru, Raquel Sanchez, Raven R Dwyer, Raven Lee, Ray Wyman, Raymond C Wong, Reinette Hampson, Renato Abdala Karam Kalil, Renato D Lopes, Renato George Eick, Renato Lopes, Reshma Ravindran, Reto Andreas Gamma, Ricardo Costa, Richa Bhatt, Richard H J Trimlett, Risha Patel, Rita Coram, Robert K Riezebos, Robert M Donnino, Robert Guyton, Robert Harrington, Robert Malecki, Roberto René Favaloro, Robyn Elliott, Rodolfo G S D Lima, Rohit Tandon, Rolf Doerr, Roma Tewari, Ron Wald, Rongrong Hu, Rory Collins, Roxana Mehran, Roxy Senior, Rubén Baleón-Espinosa, Ruben Ramos, Rui Ferreira, Ruth Kirby, Ruth Pérez-Fernández, S Ramakrishnan, S K Dwivedi, Sadath Lubna, Sadiq Ahmed, Sajeev Chakanalil Govindan, Salamah Alfalahi, Salvador Cruz-Flores, Salvatore P Costa, Sampoornima Setty, Samuel Nwosu, Sandeep Mahajan, Sandeep Seth, Sandeep Singh, Sander R Niehe, Sandy Carr, Sanja Simic Ogrizovic, Sanja Ogrizovic, Sanjeev Gulati, Sanjeev Sharma, Sara Fernandez, Sarah Williams, Sarju Ralhan, Sasko Kedev, Satinder Singh, Satish Sankaranarayanan, Satvic Cholenahally Manjunath, Sau Lee, Schawana Thaxton, Sean M O'Brien, Sebastian Sobczak, Seema Nour, Sergey A Sayganov, Sérgio Bravo Baptista, Sergio Draibe, Seth Sokol, Sharad Chandra, Shari Mackedanz, Shaun Goodman, Shayan Shirazian, Sheetal Rupesh Karwa, Sheri Ussery, Sheromani Bajaj, Shirin Heydari, Shiv Kumar Choudhary, Shivali Patel, Shruti Pandey, Shuyang Zhang, Siddharth Gadage, Sik-Yin V Tan, Sílvia Zottis Poletti, Silvia Valbuena, Simone Savaris, Solomon Yakubov, Songlin Zhu, Sonika Gupta, Sorin Brener, Sothinathan Gurunathan, Soundarya Nayak, Sowjanya Reddy, Stanley E Cobos, Stefan Weikl, Stephanie M Lane, Stephanie Ferket, Stephanie Mavromichalis, Stephen Fremes, Steven A Fein, Steven P Sedlis, Steven Giovannone, Steven Weitz, Subhash Banerjee, Sudhanva S Hegde, Suellen Hosino, Sulagna Mookherjee, Suman Singh, Sumith Abeygunasekara, Sundeep Mishra, Sunil Kumar Verma, Suresh Kumar, Suryaprakash Narayanappa, Susan K Milbrandt, Susana Silva, Susanna Stevens, Suvarna Kolhe, Suzana Tavares, Suzanne Welsh, T A Kishore, Tamara Colaiácovo Soares, Tapan Umesh Pillay, Tarek Rashid, Tarun K Mittal, Tauane Bello Duarte, Téodora Dutoiu, Teresa Delgadillo, Terrance Chua, Terrance Welch, Theodoros Kofidis, Thierry Lefevre, Tiago Silva, Timea Boros, Titus Lau, Tiziana Formisano, Tomasz Ciurus, Tomasz Tarchalski, Tracy Tan, Umesh Lingaraj, V K Bahl, V S Narain, Valentina Pellu, Valentine Lobo, Valerie Robesyn, Vandana Yadav, Veerabhadra Gupta, Verghese Mathew, Vicente Miro, Victoria Gumerova, Victoria Hernandez, Vijay Kher, Vijay Kumar, Vikas Makkar, Vikranth Reddy, Viktoria Bulkley, Vinoi George David, Virendra Misra, Virginia Fernández-Figares, Vladimir Ryasniansky, Vojislav L Giga, Wael A Almahmeed, Wan Xian Chan, Wanda C Marfori, Wanda Parker, Wayne Pennachi, Wei Ling Lau, Weibing Xing, Weijing Bian, Wendy L Stewart, Wendy Drewes, Whady Hueb, William Weintraub, Winnie C Sia, Xacobe Flores-Ríos, Xiang Ma, Xiangqiong Gu, Xiaomei Li, Xiaoyi Xu, Xin Fu, Xuemei Li, Xutong Wang, Yanek Pépin-Dubois, Yaron Arbel, Yechen Han, Yiming Lit, Ying Tung Sia, Ying Wang, Yining Yang, Yitong Ma, Yolayfi Peralta, Yves Smets, Yvonne Taul, Zalina Kudzoeva, Zeljko Z Markovic, Zhangsuo Liu, Zhenyu Liu, Zhiming Ye, Zixiang Yu, Zoltan Davidovits, Zvezdana Petronijevic
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/797035
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 78
  • Scopus 194
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 199
social impact