Objective The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical and electrodiagnostic testing in ulnar neuropathy at the elbow and differences according to site (humeroulnar arcade vs. retroepicondylar groove) and injury physiopathology (axonal vs. demyelinating), through prospective multicenter case-control study. Design Cases and controls were matched by age and sex. Ulnar neuropathy at the elbow diagnosis was made on symptoms. Statistical analysis was performed using Mann-Whitney, χ2, and analysis of variance tests. Results One hundred forty-four cases and 144 controls were enrolled. Sensory loss in the fifth finger had the highest sensitivity (70.8%) compared with clinical findings. Motor conduction velocity across elbow reached the highest sensitivity (84.7%) in localizing ulnar neuropathy at the elbow recording from at least one of the two hand muscles (first dorsal interosseous and abductor digiti minimi). Abnormal sensory action potential amplitude from the fifth finger occurred more frequently in axonal than in demyelinating forms. Differences between retroepicondylar groove and humeroulnar arcade regarded conduction block and job type. Conclusions Clinical findings have less usefulness than electrodiagnostic testing in ulnar neuropathy at the elbow diagnosis. Motor conduction velocity across elbow recorded from both abductor digiti minimi and first dorsal interosseous increases diagnostic accuracy. Axonal forms have greater clinical and electrodiagnostic testing severity than demyelinating forms, which are more frequent in retroepicondylar groove. Manual workers prevailed in humeroulnar arcade. These findings may be helpful in prognostic and therapeutic approaches.

Clinical Findings and Electrodiagnostic Testing in Ulnar Neuropathy at the Elbow and Differences According to Site and Type of Nerve Damage

Curti S.;Mattioli S.;
2020

Abstract

Objective The aim of the study was to evaluate the clinical and electrodiagnostic testing in ulnar neuropathy at the elbow and differences according to site (humeroulnar arcade vs. retroepicondylar groove) and injury physiopathology (axonal vs. demyelinating), through prospective multicenter case-control study. Design Cases and controls were matched by age and sex. Ulnar neuropathy at the elbow diagnosis was made on symptoms. Statistical analysis was performed using Mann-Whitney, χ2, and analysis of variance tests. Results One hundred forty-four cases and 144 controls were enrolled. Sensory loss in the fifth finger had the highest sensitivity (70.8%) compared with clinical findings. Motor conduction velocity across elbow reached the highest sensitivity (84.7%) in localizing ulnar neuropathy at the elbow recording from at least one of the two hand muscles (first dorsal interosseous and abductor digiti minimi). Abnormal sensory action potential amplitude from the fifth finger occurred more frequently in axonal than in demyelinating forms. Differences between retroepicondylar groove and humeroulnar arcade regarded conduction block and job type. Conclusions Clinical findings have less usefulness than electrodiagnostic testing in ulnar neuropathy at the elbow diagnosis. Motor conduction velocity across elbow recorded from both abductor digiti minimi and first dorsal interosseous increases diagnostic accuracy. Axonal forms have greater clinical and electrodiagnostic testing severity than demyelinating forms, which are more frequent in retroepicondylar groove. Manual workers prevailed in humeroulnar arcade. These findings may be helpful in prognostic and therapeutic approaches.
Vinciguerra C.; Curti S.; Aretini A.; Sicurelli F.; Greco G.; Mattioli S.; Mondelli M.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/793842
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact