Introduction: Intrapartum cardiotocography (CTG) was used for several decades to detect a stressed fetus so that delivery can be expedited to prevent birth asphyxia. The main aim of the study was to calculate the risk of neonatal acidemia (pH ≤ 7.10) according to duration of the 2nd stage of labor and occurrence of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) 2015 CTG classification parameters. Materials and methods: This was a retrospective case-control study on 552 pregnancies receiving continuous CTG monitoring in labor and immediate hemogasanalysis at birth. Cases with umbilical artery (UA) pH ≤ 7.10 and controls with UA pH ≥ 7.10 were matched for parity and gestational age at delivery, with ratio 1:5. Logistic regression analysis, adjusted for the expected risk in the general population, was used to calculate the baseline risk of UA pH ≤ 7.10 in the absence of any CTG pathological feature and those associated with pathological CTG patterns occurring in the 2nd stage according to FIGO 2015. Results: Seventy-three cases and 387 controls reached 2nd stage and were included in the analysis. For those reaching 2nd stage, the mean adjusted risk of acidemia associated with nonpathological CTG was 1.6%. Stratification of risk according to duration of the 2nd stage yielded risks of neonatal acidemia of 1.23, 2.08, 5.81, and 15.22% at 30, 60, 120, and 180 min, respectively. Bradycardia >10 min was associated with risk of neonatal acidemia of 9.9 and 15.8% for 2nd-stage durations of 30 and 60 min, respectively. Risks associated with 1 prolonged deceleration >5 min were 6.80, 11.08, 27.0, and 51.0% at 30, 60, 120, and 180 min, respectively. Repetitive late or prolonged decelerations >30 min were associated with risk of neonatal acidemia of 2.43, 4.14, 11.17, and 26.45% at 30, 60, 120, and 180 min, respectively. Conclusion: The risk of neonatal acidemia is directly proportional to duration of the 2nd stage, irrespective of the presence of CTG abnormalities, increasing 12-fold (1.2-15.3%) from 30 to 180 min. Occurrence of FIGO 2015 pathological CTG patterns showed a decreasing impact from bradycardia >10 min to decelerations >5 min, recurrent later or prolonged decelerations >30 min, and nonpathological CTG. .

Quantification of Posterior Risk Related to Intrapartum FIGO 2015 Criteria for Cardiotocography in the Second Stage of Labor

Anna Seidenari;Anna Nunzia Della Gatta;Antonio Farina
2021

Abstract

Introduction: Intrapartum cardiotocography (CTG) was used for several decades to detect a stressed fetus so that delivery can be expedited to prevent birth asphyxia. The main aim of the study was to calculate the risk of neonatal acidemia (pH ≤ 7.10) according to duration of the 2nd stage of labor and occurrence of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) 2015 CTG classification parameters. Materials and methods: This was a retrospective case-control study on 552 pregnancies receiving continuous CTG monitoring in labor and immediate hemogasanalysis at birth. Cases with umbilical artery (UA) pH ≤ 7.10 and controls with UA pH ≥ 7.10 were matched for parity and gestational age at delivery, with ratio 1:5. Logistic regression analysis, adjusted for the expected risk in the general population, was used to calculate the baseline risk of UA pH ≤ 7.10 in the absence of any CTG pathological feature and those associated with pathological CTG patterns occurring in the 2nd stage according to FIGO 2015. Results: Seventy-three cases and 387 controls reached 2nd stage and were included in the analysis. For those reaching 2nd stage, the mean adjusted risk of acidemia associated with nonpathological CTG was 1.6%. Stratification of risk according to duration of the 2nd stage yielded risks of neonatal acidemia of 1.23, 2.08, 5.81, and 15.22% at 30, 60, 120, and 180 min, respectively. Bradycardia >10 min was associated with risk of neonatal acidemia of 9.9 and 15.8% for 2nd-stage durations of 30 and 60 min, respectively. Risks associated with 1 prolonged deceleration >5 min were 6.80, 11.08, 27.0, and 51.0% at 30, 60, 120, and 180 min, respectively. Repetitive late or prolonged decelerations >30 min were associated with risk of neonatal acidemia of 2.43, 4.14, 11.17, and 26.45% at 30, 60, 120, and 180 min, respectively. Conclusion: The risk of neonatal acidemia is directly proportional to duration of the 2nd stage, irrespective of the presence of CTG abnormalities, increasing 12-fold (1.2-15.3%) from 30 to 180 min. Occurrence of FIGO 2015 pathological CTG patterns showed a decreasing impact from bradycardia >10 min to decelerations >5 min, recurrent later or prolonged decelerations >30 min, and nonpathological CTG. .
Paolo Ivo Cavoretto, Anna Seidenari, Silvia Amodeo, Anna Nunzia Della Gatta, Roberta Nale, Yasmin Sara Ismail, Massimo Candiani, Antonio Farina
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/793297
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