With an impetuous growth of DC links and future grids that will be often hybrid, providing AC and DC supply to nearby or the same customer, an important element is often neglected, that is, electrical insulation. There are no doubts that overhead lines will step back compared to insulated cables, for known reasons of environmental impact, right of way and reliability, especially in an urban or harsh environment. On the other hand, while AC insulation systems have been investigated and used for decades, there is no analogue experience for DC polymeric insulation, nor for insulation systems subjected to power electronics supply. This study aims at enhancing the attention on this topic, focusing on insulation ageing mechanisms and models of relevance for hybrid AC/DC assets and grids. Ageing and life models for AC, DC and power electronics supply are discussed and compared to experimental data, focusing on partial discharge and space charge. It is shown how these two phenomena affect lifetime for different AC, DC and transient operating conditions. The main drivers for insulation design and material selection are discussed, showing that insulation reliability can be achieved only if operating stresses, ageing mechanisms and life models are known and accounted for properly by insulation designers.

Ageing and reliability of electrical insulation: The risk of hybrid AC/DC grids

Montanari G. C.;Seri P.;Ghosh R.
2020

Abstract

With an impetuous growth of DC links and future grids that will be often hybrid, providing AC and DC supply to nearby or the same customer, an important element is often neglected, that is, electrical insulation. There are no doubts that overhead lines will step back compared to insulated cables, for known reasons of environmental impact, right of way and reliability, especially in an urban or harsh environment. On the other hand, while AC insulation systems have been investigated and used for decades, there is no analogue experience for DC polymeric insulation, nor for insulation systems subjected to power electronics supply. This study aims at enhancing the attention on this topic, focusing on insulation ageing mechanisms and models of relevance for hybrid AC/DC assets and grids. Ageing and life models for AC, DC and power electronics supply are discussed and compared to experimental data, focusing on partial discharge and space charge. It is shown how these two phenomena affect lifetime for different AC, DC and transient operating conditions. The main drivers for insulation design and material selection are discussed, showing that insulation reliability can be achieved only if operating stresses, ageing mechanisms and life models are known and accounted for properly by insulation designers.
Montanari G.C.; Morshuis P.; Seri P.; Ghosh R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/793024
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