In the aftermath of a large-scale emergency, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) can play a key role as mobile communication systems supporting rescue operations on the ground. At the same time, the deployment of autonomous UAV swarms still poses severe challenges in terms of distributed mobility, swarm connectivity and mesh networking. To this purpose, we propose mathsf {ELAPSE} (aErial LocAl Positioning System for Emergency), a novel, distributed framework for aerial mesh deployment that supports discovery and multi-hop connectivity among rescue personnel and emergency requesters. mathsf {ELAPSE} integrates components of swarm mobility, positioning and Quality-of-Service (QoS) support, while targeting UAV devices at different levels of hardware complexity. Three contributions are provided in this study. First, we present a novel, bio-inspired swarm mobility algorithm which natively addresses QoS-based aerial mesh connectivity, coverage of the ground nodes and UAV collision avoidance through the abstraction of virtual springs. Second, we investigates its implementation when geo-location capabilities are not available: to this aim, we propose local-based and cooperative-based techniques through which each UAV can estimate the position of its neighbours, and hence correctly adjust its direction and speed. Third, we analyze the feasibility of the mathsf {ELAPSE} framework through a twofold evaluation: i.e. a large-scale OMNeT++ simulation showing the effectiveness of the distributed mesh formation and localization techniques, and a small-case ground robotic testbed demonstrating the impact of QoS mechanisms on the system operations.

A GPS-Free Flocking Model for Aerial Mesh Deployments in Disaster-Recovery Scenarios

Trotta A.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Montecchiari L.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Di Felice M.
Supervision
;
Bononi L.
Supervision
2020

Abstract

In the aftermath of a large-scale emergency, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) can play a key role as mobile communication systems supporting rescue operations on the ground. At the same time, the deployment of autonomous UAV swarms still poses severe challenges in terms of distributed mobility, swarm connectivity and mesh networking. To this purpose, we propose mathsf {ELAPSE} (aErial LocAl Positioning System for Emergency), a novel, distributed framework for aerial mesh deployment that supports discovery and multi-hop connectivity among rescue personnel and emergency requesters. mathsf {ELAPSE} integrates components of swarm mobility, positioning and Quality-of-Service (QoS) support, while targeting UAV devices at different levels of hardware complexity. Three contributions are provided in this study. First, we present a novel, bio-inspired swarm mobility algorithm which natively addresses QoS-based aerial mesh connectivity, coverage of the ground nodes and UAV collision avoidance through the abstraction of virtual springs. Second, we investigates its implementation when geo-location capabilities are not available: to this aim, we propose local-based and cooperative-based techniques through which each UAV can estimate the position of its neighbours, and hence correctly adjust its direction and speed. Third, we analyze the feasibility of the mathsf {ELAPSE} framework through a twofold evaluation: i.e. a large-scale OMNeT++ simulation showing the effectiveness of the distributed mesh formation and localization techniques, and a small-case ground robotic testbed demonstrating the impact of QoS mechanisms on the system operations.
Trotta A.; Montecchiari L.; Di Felice M.; Bononi L.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
IEEEa8-2020.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipo: Versione (PDF) editoriale
Licenza: Licenza per Accesso Aperto. Creative Commons Attribuzione (CCBY)
Dimensione 1.68 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.68 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/788932
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 15
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 13
social impact