Since the introduction of four-wheel drive (4WD) and especially front wheel assist (FWA), many studies have been conducted on the optimal weight distribution between tractor front and rear axles because this influences traction efficiency. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the traction and efficiency advantages in the adoption of mechanical ballast position adjustment devices. The tested device is an extendable ballast holder mounted on the front three-point hitch of the tractor, able to displace the ballast up to 1 m away from its original position. An estimation of the fuel consumption during ploughing with the extendable ballast holder in different configurations was performed. Tractive performance was evaluated through drawbar tests, performed on loam soil with a 4WD tractor having a maximum engine power of 191 kW and a ballasted mass of 9590 kg. Results show that changing the tractor weight distribution over the range allowed by the extendable ballast holder produces limited effects in terms of tractive performance and fuel saving. The adoption of such devices is thus ineffective if other fundamental factors such as tyre pressure, choice of the front-to-rear wheel combination and lead of the front wheels are not considered during tractor setup.

Mechanical Devices for Mass Distribution Adjustment: Are They Really Convenient? / Varani, Massimiliano; Mattetti, Michele; Maraldi, Mirko; Molari, Giovanni. - In: AGRONOMY. - ISSN 2073-4395. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:11(2020), pp. 1-18. [10.3390/agronomy10111820]

Mechanical Devices for Mass Distribution Adjustment: Are They Really Convenient?

Varani, Massimiliano;Mattetti, Michele;Maraldi, Mirko;Molari, Giovanni
2020

Abstract

Since the introduction of four-wheel drive (4WD) and especially front wheel assist (FWA), many studies have been conducted on the optimal weight distribution between tractor front and rear axles because this influences traction efficiency. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the traction and efficiency advantages in the adoption of mechanical ballast position adjustment devices. The tested device is an extendable ballast holder mounted on the front three-point hitch of the tractor, able to displace the ballast up to 1 m away from its original position. An estimation of the fuel consumption during ploughing with the extendable ballast holder in different configurations was performed. Tractive performance was evaluated through drawbar tests, performed on loam soil with a 4WD tractor having a maximum engine power of 191 kW and a ballasted mass of 9590 kg. Results show that changing the tractor weight distribution over the range allowed by the extendable ballast holder produces limited effects in terms of tractive performance and fuel saving. The adoption of such devices is thus ineffective if other fundamental factors such as tyre pressure, choice of the front-to-rear wheel combination and lead of the front wheels are not considered during tractor setup.
2020
Mechanical Devices for Mass Distribution Adjustment: Are They Really Convenient? / Varani, Massimiliano; Mattetti, Michele; Maraldi, Mirko; Molari, Giovanni. - In: AGRONOMY. - ISSN 2073-4395. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:11(2020), pp. 1-18. [10.3390/agronomy10111820]
Varani, Massimiliano; Mattetti, Michele; Maraldi, Mirko; Molari, Giovanni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/788250
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