Background and aims: As potent allelochemicals, flavonoids are believed to be associated with the development of soil-borne diseases. Fusarium species infection is responsible for soybean [Glycine max(L.) Merr.] root rot. However, it is uncertain if and how flavonoids influence rhizosphere Fusarium communities under consecutive soybean monoculture. Methods: Quantitative real-time PCR and pyrosequencing were used to study the Fusarium community. Spectrophotometric techniques and ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) were used to quantify flavonoids and daidzein and genistein levels, respectively. Results: In field soil, the sizes of Fusarium community were higher from 6 to 13 years monoculture than from 1 to 3 years. The abundance of Fusarium community was significantly positively correlated with rhizosphere concentrations of the flavonoids and isoflavonoids daidzein and genistein levels. Consecutive monocultured soil selectively inhibited or stimulated certain Fusarium species, F. oxysporum remaining the most abundant. The application of daidzein and a mixture of daidzein and genistein to soil affected the Fusarium community depending on the incubation time and ranging from inhibition to promotion over time. Conclusions: Consecutive soybean monoculture results in shifts in the composition and size of rhizosphere Fusarium community. The Fusarium community was strongly influenced by total flavonoids, in particular daidzein and genistein, rather than soil properties.

Flavonoid levels rather than soil nutrients is linked with Fusarium community in the soybean [Glycine max(L.) Merr.] rhizosphere under consecutive monoculture

Zou Y.;Prodi A.;Baffoni L.;Di Gioia D.
2020

Abstract

Background and aims: As potent allelochemicals, flavonoids are believed to be associated with the development of soil-borne diseases. Fusarium species infection is responsible for soybean [Glycine max(L.) Merr.] root rot. However, it is uncertain if and how flavonoids influence rhizosphere Fusarium communities under consecutive soybean monoculture. Methods: Quantitative real-time PCR and pyrosequencing were used to study the Fusarium community. Spectrophotometric techniques and ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) were used to quantify flavonoids and daidzein and genistein levels, respectively. Results: In field soil, the sizes of Fusarium community were higher from 6 to 13 years monoculture than from 1 to 3 years. The abundance of Fusarium community was significantly positively correlated with rhizosphere concentrations of the flavonoids and isoflavonoids daidzein and genistein levels. Consecutive monocultured soil selectively inhibited or stimulated certain Fusarium species, F. oxysporum remaining the most abundant. The application of daidzein and a mixture of daidzein and genistein to soil affected the Fusarium community depending on the incubation time and ranging from inhibition to promotion over time. Conclusions: Consecutive soybean monoculture results in shifts in the composition and size of rhizosphere Fusarium community. The Fusarium community was strongly influenced by total flavonoids, in particular daidzein and genistein, rather than soil properties.
Wang J.; Wang J.; Bughio M.A.; Zou Y.; Prodi A.; Baffoni L.; Di Gioia D.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/787035
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