Nerve growth factor (NGF) is recognized as a pleiotropic molecule, exerting a variety of biological effects on different cell types and pathophysiological conditions, and its role in tissue wound healing has been recently highlighted. However, the preferential cellular target of NGF is still elusive in the complex cellular and molecular cross talk that accompanies wound healing. Thus, to explore possible NGF cellular targets in skin wound healing, we investigated the in vitro NGF responsiveness of keratinocytes (cell line HEKa), fibroblasts (cell line BJ), and endothelial cells (cell line HUVEC), also in the presence of adverse microenvironmental conditions, e.g., hyperglycemia. The main results are summarized as follows: 1) NGF stimulates keratinocyte proliferation and HUVEC proliferation and angiogenesis in a dose-dependent manner although it has no effect on fibroblast proliferation; 2) NGF stimulates keratinocyte but not fibroblast migration in the wound healing assay; and 3) NGF completely reverts the proliferation impairment of keratinocytes and the angiogenesis impairment of HUVECs induced by high D-glucose concentration in the culture medium. These results contribute to better understanding possible targets for the therapeutic use of NGF in skin repair.

The pleiotropic molecule NGF regulates the in vitro properties of fibroblasts, keratinocytes, and endothelial cells: Implications for wound healing

Gostynska N.;Pannella M.;Rocco M. L.;Giardino L.;Calza' L.
2020

Abstract

Nerve growth factor (NGF) is recognized as a pleiotropic molecule, exerting a variety of biological effects on different cell types and pathophysiological conditions, and its role in tissue wound healing has been recently highlighted. However, the preferential cellular target of NGF is still elusive in the complex cellular and molecular cross talk that accompanies wound healing. Thus, to explore possible NGF cellular targets in skin wound healing, we investigated the in vitro NGF responsiveness of keratinocytes (cell line HEKa), fibroblasts (cell line BJ), and endothelial cells (cell line HUVEC), also in the presence of adverse microenvironmental conditions, e.g., hyperglycemia. The main results are summarized as follows: 1) NGF stimulates keratinocyte proliferation and HUVEC proliferation and angiogenesis in a dose-dependent manner although it has no effect on fibroblast proliferation; 2) NGF stimulates keratinocyte but not fibroblast migration in the wound healing assay; and 3) NGF completely reverts the proliferation impairment of keratinocytes and the angiogenesis impairment of HUVECs induced by high D-glucose concentration in the culture medium. These results contribute to better understanding possible targets for the therapeutic use of NGF in skin repair.
Gostynska N.; Pannella M.; Rocco M.L.; Giardino L.; Aloe L.; Calza' L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/786623
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