The design of molecular rotors that can rotate at ultrahigh speeds is important for the development of artificial molecular machines. Based on theoretical calculations, we demonstrate that two kinds of carbon nano-rings,i.e.[n]cycloparaphenylenes ([n]CPP) and cyclo[18]carbon (C18), can form an ultrafast ring-in-ring nano-rotor through π-π interaction. As a high-symmetry and low-barrier rotator, the rotational frequency of C18in [11]CPP is close to the THz regime. At low temperatures, the motion of the [11]CPP:C18system is purely rotational. As temperature increases, precession movements start to be observed and the motion resembles the behaviour of a gyroscope. The [11]CPP:C18rotor can serve as a building block for bottom-up construction of more complex molecular machines.

Theoretical design of an ultrafast supramolecular rotor composed of carbon nano-rings

Mattioli E. J.;Calvaresi M.
;
2020

Abstract

The design of molecular rotors that can rotate at ultrahigh speeds is important for the development of artificial molecular machines. Based on theoretical calculations, we demonstrate that two kinds of carbon nano-rings,i.e.[n]cycloparaphenylenes ([n]CPP) and cyclo[18]carbon (C18), can form an ultrafast ring-in-ring nano-rotor through π-π interaction. As a high-symmetry and low-barrier rotator, the rotational frequency of C18in [11]CPP is close to the THz regime. At low temperatures, the motion of the [11]CPP:C18system is purely rotational. As temperature increases, precession movements start to be observed and the motion resembles the behaviour of a gyroscope. The [11]CPP:C18rotor can serve as a building block for bottom-up construction of more complex molecular machines.
Jiang Y.; Mattioli E.J.; Calvaresi M.; Wang Z.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/784620
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