Breslow thickness (BT) is the most important histopathologic factor for primary melanoma staging. BT determines the margins for wide local excision whether sentinel lymph node biopsy should be performed and subsequent melanoma staging, and patient management. The correct determination of a 0.8-mm cutoff in melanoma is important for pathologists because discrepancies leading to a change in stage can have significant clinical implications, including incorrect and/or inappropriate prognostic information, investigation, management, and follow-up. Difficulties in BT determination are mostly represented by the presence of regression or melanoma associated with a pre-existing nevus. This study aimed at investigating a molecular parameter, namely microRNA (miRNA) expression, in reference to BT assessment. Melanoma cell proliferation is influenced by miRNA dysregulation. Indeed, some miRNAs sustain and induce proliferative signals or repress growth-suppressive pathways, thereby promoting melanoma carcinogenesis. To identify the miRNAs correlating with BT, we analyzed our global miRNA expression data of 20 thin melanomas and identified two potential candidates, miR-21-5p and miR-146a-5p. We assessed the expression of these two specific miRNAs in 90 archive formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded samples of superficially spreading melanomas (SSMs) and 25 nodular melanomas from two independent cohorts and correlated the individual and combined miRNA expression with BT and other tumor characteristics. The individually normalized expression of miR-21-5p and miR-146a-5p showed a highly significant and linear correlation with BT in SSM, and their combined expression value was more strongly correlated (Pearson's r = 0.799, 95% CI = 0.71–0.86) than their individual expressions. This correlation was not significant in nodular melanoma. In SSM, we observed that the combined miRNA expression above or below 1.5 was significantly associated with overall survival and successfully identified all patients with relapsing SSM. We concluded that the combined assessment of miR-21-5p and miR-146a-5p expression in superficially spreading melanoma, in association with BT measurement, could aid pathologists in SSM staging.

Defining the Prognostic Role of MicroRNAs in Cutaneous Melanoma

Dika E.
;
Riefolo M.;Porcellini E.;Broseghini E.;Lambertini M.;Patrizi A.;Ferracin M.
2020

Abstract

Breslow thickness (BT) is the most important histopathologic factor for primary melanoma staging. BT determines the margins for wide local excision whether sentinel lymph node biopsy should be performed and subsequent melanoma staging, and patient management. The correct determination of a 0.8-mm cutoff in melanoma is important for pathologists because discrepancies leading to a change in stage can have significant clinical implications, including incorrect and/or inappropriate prognostic information, investigation, management, and follow-up. Difficulties in BT determination are mostly represented by the presence of regression or melanoma associated with a pre-existing nevus. This study aimed at investigating a molecular parameter, namely microRNA (miRNA) expression, in reference to BT assessment. Melanoma cell proliferation is influenced by miRNA dysregulation. Indeed, some miRNAs sustain and induce proliferative signals or repress growth-suppressive pathways, thereby promoting melanoma carcinogenesis. To identify the miRNAs correlating with BT, we analyzed our global miRNA expression data of 20 thin melanomas and identified two potential candidates, miR-21-5p and miR-146a-5p. We assessed the expression of these two specific miRNAs in 90 archive formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded samples of superficially spreading melanomas (SSMs) and 25 nodular melanomas from two independent cohorts and correlated the individual and combined miRNA expression with BT and other tumor characteristics. The individually normalized expression of miR-21-5p and miR-146a-5p showed a highly significant and linear correlation with BT in SSM, and their combined expression value was more strongly correlated (Pearson's r = 0.799, 95% CI = 0.71–0.86) than their individual expressions. This correlation was not significant in nodular melanoma. In SSM, we observed that the combined miRNA expression above or below 1.5 was significantly associated with overall survival and successfully identified all patients with relapsing SSM. We concluded that the combined assessment of miR-21-5p and miR-146a-5p expression in superficially spreading melanoma, in association with BT measurement, could aid pathologists in SSM staging.
Dika E.; Riefolo M.; Porcellini E.; Broseghini E.; Ribero S.; Senetta R.; Osella-Abate S.; Scarfi F.; Lambertini M.; Veronesi G.; Patrizi A.; Fanti P.A.; Ferracin M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/784125
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