Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the correlation between the proportional change of anteroposterior diameter (APD) of levator hiatus from rest to maximum Valsalva maneuver in nulliparous women at term and labor outcome. Methods: We prospectively recruited nulliparous women at term before the onset of labor. Women underwent a two-dimensional transperineal ultrasound, measuring the APD of the levator hiatus at rest and under maximum Valsalva's maneuver. APD change from rest to maximum Valsalva was described both in terms of absolute figures and proportional change. Correlation of APD change with the mode of delivery and with labor durations was assessed. Results: Overall, 486 women were included in the analysis. No significant association between change in APD and the mode of delivery. We found a significant negative correlation between change of APD from rest to Valsalva and the duration of active second stage both in terms of absolute change (Pearson's r = −0.138, P =.009) and in terms of proportional change (Pearson's r = −0.154, P =.004). Survival outcomes based on Cox-regression model showed that APD was independently associated with the duration of active second stage of labor after adjusting for epidural analgesia, maternal age and body mass index (hazard ratio, 1.008; 95% confidence interval, 1.001-1.016; P =.04). Conclusion: Women with higher increase of the anteroposterior diameter of the levator hiatus from rest to Valsalva have a shorter active second stage of labor.

The dynamic change of the anteroposterior diameter of the levator hiatus under Valsalva maneuver at term and labor outcome

Brunelli E.;Pilu G.;Youssef A.
2020

Abstract

Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the correlation between the proportional change of anteroposterior diameter (APD) of levator hiatus from rest to maximum Valsalva maneuver in nulliparous women at term and labor outcome. Methods: We prospectively recruited nulliparous women at term before the onset of labor. Women underwent a two-dimensional transperineal ultrasound, measuring the APD of the levator hiatus at rest and under maximum Valsalva's maneuver. APD change from rest to maximum Valsalva was described both in terms of absolute figures and proportional change. Correlation of APD change with the mode of delivery and with labor durations was assessed. Results: Overall, 486 women were included in the analysis. No significant association between change in APD and the mode of delivery. We found a significant negative correlation between change of APD from rest to Valsalva and the duration of active second stage both in terms of absolute change (Pearson's r = −0.138, P =.009) and in terms of proportional change (Pearson's r = −0.154, P =.004). Survival outcomes based on Cox-regression model showed that APD was independently associated with the duration of active second stage of labor after adjusting for epidural analgesia, maternal age and body mass index (hazard ratio, 1.008; 95% confidence interval, 1.001-1.016; P =.04). Conclusion: Women with higher increase of the anteroposterior diameter of the levator hiatus from rest to Valsalva have a shorter active second stage of labor.
Brunelli E.; Del Prete B.; Casadio P.; Pilu G.; Youssef A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/781254
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