Like normal hematopoietic stem cells, leukemic stem cells depend on their bone marrow (BM) microenvironment for survival, but the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. We have studied the contribution of nestin+ BM mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) to MLL-AF9-driven acute myeloid leukemia (AML) development and chemoresistance in vivo. Unlike bulk stroma, nestin+ BMSC numbers are not reduced in AML, but their function changes to support AML cells, at the expense of non-mutated hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Nestin+ cell depletion delays leukemogenesis in primary AML mice and selectively decreases AML, but not normal, cells in chimeric mice. Nestin+ BMSCs support survival and chemotherapy relapse of AML through increased oxidative phosphorylation, tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle activity, and glutathione (GSH)-mediated antioxidant defense. Therefore, AML cells co-opt energy sources and antioxidant defense mechanisms from BMSCs to survive chemotherapy. Forte et al. reveal that nestin+ bone marrow stromal cells directly contribute to leukemogenesis and chemotherapy resistance in an in vivo model of acute myeloid leukemia. Nestin+ BMSCs support leukemic stem cells through a dual mechanism of increased bioenergetic capacity through OXPHOS and TCA and glutathione-dependent antioxidant defense.

Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells Support Acute Myeloid Leukemia Bioenergetics and Enhance Antioxidant Defense and Escape from Chemotherapy / Forte D.; Garcia-Fernandez M.; Sanchez-Aguilera A.; Stavropoulou V.; Fielding C.; Martin-Perez D.; Lopez J.A.; Costa A.S.H.; Tronci L.; Nikitopoulou E.; Barber M.; Gallipoli P.; Marando L.; Fernandez de Castillejo C.L.; Tzankov A.; Dietmann S.; Cavo M.; Catani L.; Curti A.; Vazquez J.; Frezza C.; Huntly B.J.; Schwaller J.; Mendez-Ferrer S.. - In: CELL METABOLISM. - ISSN 1550-4131. - ELETTRONICO. - 32:5(2020), pp. 829-843. [10.1016/j.cmet.2020.09.001]

Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells Support Acute Myeloid Leukemia Bioenergetics and Enhance Antioxidant Defense and Escape from Chemotherapy

Forte D.;Cavo M.;Catani L.;Curti A.;
2020

Abstract

Like normal hematopoietic stem cells, leukemic stem cells depend on their bone marrow (BM) microenvironment for survival, but the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. We have studied the contribution of nestin+ BM mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) to MLL-AF9-driven acute myeloid leukemia (AML) development and chemoresistance in vivo. Unlike bulk stroma, nestin+ BMSC numbers are not reduced in AML, but their function changes to support AML cells, at the expense of non-mutated hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Nestin+ cell depletion delays leukemogenesis in primary AML mice and selectively decreases AML, but not normal, cells in chimeric mice. Nestin+ BMSCs support survival and chemotherapy relapse of AML through increased oxidative phosphorylation, tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle activity, and glutathione (GSH)-mediated antioxidant defense. Therefore, AML cells co-opt energy sources and antioxidant defense mechanisms from BMSCs to survive chemotherapy. Forte et al. reveal that nestin+ bone marrow stromal cells directly contribute to leukemogenesis and chemotherapy resistance in an in vivo model of acute myeloid leukemia. Nestin+ BMSCs support leukemic stem cells through a dual mechanism of increased bioenergetic capacity through OXPHOS and TCA and glutathione-dependent antioxidant defense.
2020
Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells Support Acute Myeloid Leukemia Bioenergetics and Enhance Antioxidant Defense and Escape from Chemotherapy / Forte D.; Garcia-Fernandez M.; Sanchez-Aguilera A.; Stavropoulou V.; Fielding C.; Martin-Perez D.; Lopez J.A.; Costa A.S.H.; Tronci L.; Nikitopoulou E.; Barber M.; Gallipoli P.; Marando L.; Fernandez de Castillejo C.L.; Tzankov A.; Dietmann S.; Cavo M.; Catani L.; Curti A.; Vazquez J.; Frezza C.; Huntly B.J.; Schwaller J.; Mendez-Ferrer S.. - In: CELL METABOLISM. - ISSN 1550-4131. - ELETTRONICO. - 32:5(2020), pp. 829-843. [10.1016/j.cmet.2020.09.001]
Forte D.; Garcia-Fernandez M.; Sanchez-Aguilera A.; Stavropoulou V.; Fielding C.; Martin-Perez D.; Lopez J.A.; Costa A.S.H.; Tronci L.; Nikitopoulou E.; Barber M.; Gallipoli P.; Marando L.; Fernandez de Castillejo C.L.; Tzankov A.; Dietmann S.; Cavo M.; Catani L.; Curti A.; Vazquez J.; Frezza C.; Huntly B.J.; Schwaller J.; Mendez-Ferrer S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/779903
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