Inspired by Nature, one of the most ambitious challenge in soft robotics is to design actuators capable of reaching performances comparable to the skeletal muscles. Considering the perfectly balanced features of natural muscular tissue in terms of linear contraction, force‐to‐weight ratio, scalability and morphology, scientists have been working for many years on mimicking this structure. Focusing on the biomimicry, this review investigates the state‐of‐the‐art of synthetic fibrous, muscle‐inspired actuators that, aiming to enhance their mechanical performances, are hierarchically designed from the nanoscale up to the macroscale. In particular, this review focuses on those hierarchical fibrous actuators that enhance their biomimicry employing a linear contraction strategy, closely resembling the skeletal muscles actuation system. The literature analysis shows that bioinspired artificial muscles, developed up to now, only in part comply with skeletal ones. The manipulation and control of the matter at the nanoscale allows to realize ordered structures, such as nanofibers, used as elemental actuators characterized by high strains but moderate force levels. Moreover, it can be foreseen that scaling up the nanostructured materials into micro‐ and macroscale hierarchical structures, it is possible to realize linear actuators characterized by suitable levels of force and displacement.

Hierarchical fibrous structures for muscle‐inspired soft‐actuators: A review

Gotti C.;Sensini A.;Zucchelli A.
;
Focarete M. L.
2020

Abstract

Inspired by Nature, one of the most ambitious challenge in soft robotics is to design actuators capable of reaching performances comparable to the skeletal muscles. Considering the perfectly balanced features of natural muscular tissue in terms of linear contraction, force‐to‐weight ratio, scalability and morphology, scientists have been working for many years on mimicking this structure. Focusing on the biomimicry, this review investigates the state‐of‐the‐art of synthetic fibrous, muscle‐inspired actuators that, aiming to enhance their mechanical performances, are hierarchically designed from the nanoscale up to the macroscale. In particular, this review focuses on those hierarchical fibrous actuators that enhance their biomimicry employing a linear contraction strategy, closely resembling the skeletal muscles actuation system. The literature analysis shows that bioinspired artificial muscles, developed up to now, only in part comply with skeletal ones. The manipulation and control of the matter at the nanoscale allows to realize ordered structures, such as nanofibers, used as elemental actuators characterized by high strains but moderate force levels. Moreover, it can be foreseen that scaling up the nanostructured materials into micro‐ and macroscale hierarchical structures, it is possible to realize linear actuators characterized by suitable levels of force and displacement.
Gotti C.; Sensini A.; Zucchelli A.; Carloni R.; Focarete M.L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/775397
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