QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus (QFT-Plus) is the most widely used interferon gamma release assay (IGRA) for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). The aim of this study was to compare QFT-Plus results by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) on the SkyLab system with those obtained with chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA) on the Liaison XL analyzer. Agreement between the two assays was evaluated on 419 QFT-Plus blood samples and was found to be substantial (75.4%); higher agreement was found for positive (95.4%) and negative (80.4%) results, while most discordances were due to ELISA-indeterminate/CLIA-determinate results. According to Italian Clinical Microbiologist Association recommendations, in samples (n = 79) with a borderline result in ELISA (0.20 to 0.70 IU/ml), CLIA median values statistically increased (from 0.29 to 0.59 IU/ml for TB1 and from 0.32 to 0.60 IU/ml for TB2) but remained in the borderline range. Linear regression analysis indicated a substantial correlation between ELISA and CLIA for antigen tubes TB1 (Pearson's r = 0.8666) and TB2 (Pearson's r = 0.8728), but CLIA produced higher values than ELISA. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that the optimal cutoff value in CLIA was 0.45 IU/ml for TB1 and 0.46 IU/ml for TB2. In conclusion, automated QFT-Plus with CLIA is comparable to QFT-Plus performed by ELISA. Within the linearity range of the test, CLIA detects higher quantitative values than ELISA, resulting in a higher number of determinate results and the conversion of samples that were close to the cutoff into positive borderline results. A higher cutoff for QFT-CLIA needs to be defined based on clinical diagnostic criteria.

QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus with Chemiluminescence Immunoassay: Do We Need a Higher Cutoff? / Bisognin F.; Lombardi G.; Re M.C.; Dal Monte P.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 1098-660X. - ELETTRONICO. - 58:10(2020), pp. 1-6. [10.1128/JCM.00780-20]

QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus with Chemiluminescence Immunoassay: Do We Need a Higher Cutoff?

Bisognin F.;Lombardi G.
;
Re M. C.;Dal Monte P.
2020

Abstract

QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus (QFT-Plus) is the most widely used interferon gamma release assay (IGRA) for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). The aim of this study was to compare QFT-Plus results by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) on the SkyLab system with those obtained with chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA) on the Liaison XL analyzer. Agreement between the two assays was evaluated on 419 QFT-Plus blood samples and was found to be substantial (75.4%); higher agreement was found for positive (95.4%) and negative (80.4%) results, while most discordances were due to ELISA-indeterminate/CLIA-determinate results. According to Italian Clinical Microbiologist Association recommendations, in samples (n = 79) with a borderline result in ELISA (0.20 to 0.70 IU/ml), CLIA median values statistically increased (from 0.29 to 0.59 IU/ml for TB1 and from 0.32 to 0.60 IU/ml for TB2) but remained in the borderline range. Linear regression analysis indicated a substantial correlation between ELISA and CLIA for antigen tubes TB1 (Pearson's r = 0.8666) and TB2 (Pearson's r = 0.8728), but CLIA produced higher values than ELISA. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that the optimal cutoff value in CLIA was 0.45 IU/ml for TB1 and 0.46 IU/ml for TB2. In conclusion, automated QFT-Plus with CLIA is comparable to QFT-Plus performed by ELISA. Within the linearity range of the test, CLIA detects higher quantitative values than ELISA, resulting in a higher number of determinate results and the conversion of samples that were close to the cutoff into positive borderline results. A higher cutoff for QFT-CLIA needs to be defined based on clinical diagnostic criteria.
2020
QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus with Chemiluminescence Immunoassay: Do We Need a Higher Cutoff? / Bisognin F.; Lombardi G.; Re M.C.; Dal Monte P.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 1098-660X. - ELETTRONICO. - 58:10(2020), pp. 1-6. [10.1128/JCM.00780-20]
Bisognin F.; Lombardi G.; Re M.C.; Dal Monte P.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/774388
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