The SEAr/SNAr reaction between 7-chloro-4,6-dinitrobenzofuroxan (ClDNBF) and 2-morpholinyl-, 2-piperidinyl-, or 2-pyrrolidinylthiazole afforded unexpectedly two isomeric products, bearing the benzofuroxanyl moiety bound to the C-5 carbon atom of the thiazole ring. The relative ratio for the two isomers was dependent on temperature and solvent, suggesting the occurrence of an equilibrium between the two novel species. In order to investigate their structure and to design a plausible mechanistic pathway, a series of synthetic and spectroscopic experiments was planned. The isomer's structure was unambigously assigned when the reduction of furoxanyl to the furazanyl ring of the products gave exclusively a single species whose NMR data were coincident with those obtained by reacting the starting 2-aminothiazole derivatives with the 7-chloro-4,6-dinitrobenzofurazan (ClDNBZ). Possible mechanistic pathways might involveN-1-/N-3 oxide tautomerism or Boulton-Katritzky rearrangement and the current study is the first attempt to compare these two reactions. The data collected agree with the first one and DFT calculations permitted also a significant correlation with13C NMR experimental data and the assignment of the structure of each isomer. Finally, only one Meisenheimer intermediate for each electrophile/nucleophile combination was isolated by coupling the 2-aminothiazole derivatives with 4,6-dinitrobenzofuroxan (DNBF).

Intriguing enigma of nitrobenzofuroxan's ‘Sphinx’: Boulton-Katritzky rearrangement or unusual evidence of theN-1/N-3-oxide rearrangement?

Micheletti G.
Investigation
;
Calvaresi M.
Investigation
;
Bordoni S.
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Telese D.
Investigation
;
Boga C.
Supervision
2020

Abstract

The SEAr/SNAr reaction between 7-chloro-4,6-dinitrobenzofuroxan (ClDNBF) and 2-morpholinyl-, 2-piperidinyl-, or 2-pyrrolidinylthiazole afforded unexpectedly two isomeric products, bearing the benzofuroxanyl moiety bound to the C-5 carbon atom of the thiazole ring. The relative ratio for the two isomers was dependent on temperature and solvent, suggesting the occurrence of an equilibrium between the two novel species. In order to investigate their structure and to design a plausible mechanistic pathway, a series of synthetic and spectroscopic experiments was planned. The isomer's structure was unambigously assigned when the reduction of furoxanyl to the furazanyl ring of the products gave exclusively a single species whose NMR data were coincident with those obtained by reacting the starting 2-aminothiazole derivatives with the 7-chloro-4,6-dinitrobenzofurazan (ClDNBZ). Possible mechanistic pathways might involveN-1-/N-3 oxide tautomerism or Boulton-Katritzky rearrangement and the current study is the first attempt to compare these two reactions. The data collected agree with the first one and DFT calculations permitted also a significant correlation with13C NMR experimental data and the assignment of the structure of each isomer. Finally, only one Meisenheimer intermediate for each electrophile/nucleophile combination was isolated by coupling the 2-aminothiazole derivatives with 4,6-dinitrobenzofuroxan (DNBF).
Micheletti G.; Iannuzzo L.; Calvaresi M.; Bordoni S.; Telese D.; Chugunova E.; Boga C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/774161
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