Post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) is associated with great morbidity and mortality after resection of hepatocellular carcinoma. Previous studies have underlined that advanced age could be a potential factor influencing post-operative complications and long-term survival. In the past, candidates for resection were based on the Child-Pugh classification, the predictive value of which was rather low. The selection of patients undergoing resection in Western countries is based on the assessment of portal hypertension (PH), which is clinically assessed by measurement of the hepatic venous pressure gradient, an invasive and costly process. Thus, there have been several attempts to identify the best non-invasive test (NIT) to accurately predict PHLF. Most biochemical NITs for the prediction of PHLF are focused on evaluation of underlying liver cirrhosis and PH. Amongst them, FIB-4, which also includes the patient’s age, seems to have more robust supporting results. In Europe and the USA., the most tested and reliable NIT for predicting PHLF is the evaluation of liver stiffness measurement, which is also influenced by age. Imaging parameters are promising tools which are used only in specialized centers however, and when available. Liver volume parameters, as well as contrastenhanced data, demonstrate good accuracy in predicting PHLF. In this scenario, the evaluation of sarcopenia and bone mineral density through contextual imaging allows the delineation of PHLF in at-risk elderly patients. Further studies focused on parameters for the evaluation of PHLF in elderly patients are needed.

Non-invasive tests for the prediction of post-hepatectomy liver failure in the elderly

Marasco, Giovanni;Milandri, Matteo;Rossini, Benedetta;Alemanni, Luigina Vanessa;Dajti, Elton;Ravaioli, Federico;Renzulli, Matteo;Golfieri, Rita;Festi, Davide
2020

Abstract

Post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) is associated with great morbidity and mortality after resection of hepatocellular carcinoma. Previous studies have underlined that advanced age could be a potential factor influencing post-operative complications and long-term survival. In the past, candidates for resection were based on the Child-Pugh classification, the predictive value of which was rather low. The selection of patients undergoing resection in Western countries is based on the assessment of portal hypertension (PH), which is clinically assessed by measurement of the hepatic venous pressure gradient, an invasive and costly process. Thus, there have been several attempts to identify the best non-invasive test (NIT) to accurately predict PHLF. Most biochemical NITs for the prediction of PHLF are focused on evaluation of underlying liver cirrhosis and PH. Amongst them, FIB-4, which also includes the patient’s age, seems to have more robust supporting results. In Europe and the USA., the most tested and reliable NIT for predicting PHLF is the evaluation of liver stiffness measurement, which is also influenced by age. Imaging parameters are promising tools which are used only in specialized centers however, and when available. Liver volume parameters, as well as contrastenhanced data, demonstrate good accuracy in predicting PHLF. In this scenario, the evaluation of sarcopenia and bone mineral density through contextual imaging allows the delineation of PHLF in at-risk elderly patients. Further studies focused on parameters for the evaluation of PHLF in elderly patients are needed.
Marasco, Giovanni; Colecchia, Antonio; Milandri, Matteo; Rossini, Benedetta; Alemanni, Luigina Vanessa; Dajti, Elton; Ravaioli, Federico; Renzulli, Matteo; Golfieri, Rita; Festi, Davide
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/773516
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