Purpose: To evaluate longitudinally corneal endothelial cell changes in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and to further investigate possible correlations with hematological and ocular characteristics. Methods: Prospective observational study conducted at a single center. All patients underwent a comprehensive ophthalmological examination, before and after HSCT, including slitlamp examination, Schirmer test, tear breakup time, ocular surface staining, specular microscopy of corneal endothelium, and Ocular Surface Disease Index questionnaire. Results: Twenty-five patients undergoing HSCT and 25 age- and sex-matched controls were included. At baseline, hematological patients showed significantly lower values of endothelial cell density (ECD) compared with those of controls (2514.5 ± 390.2 vs. 2723.7 ± 298.0 cells/mm, P = 0.038). After HSCT, ocular surface disease index score significantly increased (P = 0.020) and tear breakup time significantly decreased (P = 0.036). Conversely, no significant changes were found in Schirmer test and corneal fluorescein staining (always P > 0.05). Eight patients (32%) developed ocular graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). ECD values significantly decreased after HSCT (from 2514.5 ± 390.2 to 2409.5 ± 330.9 cells/mm, P = 0.009). The decrease in ECD values after HSCT was more pronounced in patients with ocular GVHD compared with those without (231.1 ± 188.8 vs. 45.6 ± 156.5, P = 0.016). No significant correlations between the changes in ECD and hematological and ocular characteristics were found (always P > 0.05). Conclusions: Hematological patients showed a lower endothelial cell count already before HSCT, compared with controls. After HSCT, the endothelial cell count further significantly decreased, particularly in patients who developed ocular GVHD.

Longitudinal Corneal Endothelial Cell Changes in Patients Undergoing Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

Pellegrini, Marco;Bernabei, Federico;Moscardelli, Fabiana;Versura, Piera
2021

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate longitudinally corneal endothelial cell changes in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and to further investigate possible correlations with hematological and ocular characteristics. Methods: Prospective observational study conducted at a single center. All patients underwent a comprehensive ophthalmological examination, before and after HSCT, including slitlamp examination, Schirmer test, tear breakup time, ocular surface staining, specular microscopy of corneal endothelium, and Ocular Surface Disease Index questionnaire. Results: Twenty-five patients undergoing HSCT and 25 age- and sex-matched controls were included. At baseline, hematological patients showed significantly lower values of endothelial cell density (ECD) compared with those of controls (2514.5 ± 390.2 vs. 2723.7 ± 298.0 cells/mm, P = 0.038). After HSCT, ocular surface disease index score significantly increased (P = 0.020) and tear breakup time significantly decreased (P = 0.036). Conversely, no significant changes were found in Schirmer test and corneal fluorescein staining (always P > 0.05). Eight patients (32%) developed ocular graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). ECD values significantly decreased after HSCT (from 2514.5 ± 390.2 to 2409.5 ± 330.9 cells/mm, P = 0.009). The decrease in ECD values after HSCT was more pronounced in patients with ocular GVHD compared with those without (231.1 ± 188.8 vs. 45.6 ± 156.5, P = 0.016). No significant correlations between the changes in ECD and hematological and ocular characteristics were found (always P > 0.05). Conclusions: Hematological patients showed a lower endothelial cell count already before HSCT, compared with controls. After HSCT, the endothelial cell count further significantly decreased, particularly in patients who developed ocular GVHD.
Pellegrini, Marco; Giannaccare, Giuseppe; Bernabei, Federico; Moscardelli, Fabiana; Sessa, Mariarosaria; Arpinati, Mario; Bonifazi, Francesca; Versura, Piera
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/772876
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