Objective(s) This paper aims at providing an overview of the COVID-19 situation, health policies, and economic impact in Greece, Iceland, New Zealand, and Singapore. The four countries were chosen due to their ability to contain the spread and mitigate the effects of COVID-19 on their societies. Method(s) We use document analysis based on the available national reports, media announcements, official coronavirus websites and governmental decrees in each of the four countries starting from the 1st of January o the 9th of August announcements. We apply a policy gradient to compare and examine the policies implemented in the four countries. Finding(s) The four countries have different demographic, epidemiological, socioeconomic profiles but managed to control the pandemic at an early stage in terms of total number of positive cases. The four countries managed to absorb the health system shock and decrease the case fatality ratio of COVID-19. Early interventions were crucial to avoid expected life lost in case of no early lockdown. The pandemic triggered several economic stimulus and relief measures in the four countries; the impact or the economic rebound is yet to be fully observed. Conclusion(s) We conclude that early, proactive and strict interventions along with leveraging previous experience on communicable diseases and the evolution of testing strategies are key lessons that can be synthesized from the interventions of the four countries and that could be useful for a potential second wave or similar pandemics.

The COVID-19 pandemic in Greece, Iceland, New Zealand, and Singapore: Health policies and lessons learned / Fouda, Ayman; Mahmoudi, Nader; Moy, Naomi; Paolucci, Francesco. - In: HEALTH POLICY AND TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 2211-8837. - ELETTRONICO. - 9:4(2020), pp. 510-524. [10.1016/j.hlpt.2020.08.015]

The COVID-19 pandemic in Greece, Iceland, New Zealand, and Singapore: Health policies and lessons learned

Fouda, Ayman;Moy, Naomi;Paolucci, Francesco
2020

Abstract

Objective(s) This paper aims at providing an overview of the COVID-19 situation, health policies, and economic impact in Greece, Iceland, New Zealand, and Singapore. The four countries were chosen due to their ability to contain the spread and mitigate the effects of COVID-19 on their societies. Method(s) We use document analysis based on the available national reports, media announcements, official coronavirus websites and governmental decrees in each of the four countries starting from the 1st of January o the 9th of August announcements. We apply a policy gradient to compare and examine the policies implemented in the four countries. Finding(s) The four countries have different demographic, epidemiological, socioeconomic profiles but managed to control the pandemic at an early stage in terms of total number of positive cases. The four countries managed to absorb the health system shock and decrease the case fatality ratio of COVID-19. Early interventions were crucial to avoid expected life lost in case of no early lockdown. The pandemic triggered several economic stimulus and relief measures in the four countries; the impact or the economic rebound is yet to be fully observed. Conclusion(s) We conclude that early, proactive and strict interventions along with leveraging previous experience on communicable diseases and the evolution of testing strategies are key lessons that can be synthesized from the interventions of the four countries and that could be useful for a potential second wave or similar pandemics.
2020
The COVID-19 pandemic in Greece, Iceland, New Zealand, and Singapore: Health policies and lessons learned / Fouda, Ayman; Mahmoudi, Nader; Moy, Naomi; Paolucci, Francesco. - In: HEALTH POLICY AND TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 2211-8837. - ELETTRONICO. - 9:4(2020), pp. 510-524. [10.1016/j.hlpt.2020.08.015]
Fouda, Ayman; Mahmoudi, Nader; Moy, Naomi; Paolucci, Francesco
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Descrizione: Health Policy and Technology 9 (2020) 510–524
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Licenza: Licenza per Accesso Aperto. Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Non opere derivate (CCBYNCND)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/771613
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