Background The COVID-19 outbreak has led to an unprecedented crisis in Spain. After Italy, the spread of the virus was quick, and Spain became the second epicenter in Europe by number of cases and deceased. To tackle the outbreak and contain the spread, the Spanish authorities undertook exceptional measures based on a generalized lockdown by which the majority of the economic activity ceased for several weeks. Objectives The goal of this paper is to examine the spread of COVID-19 in Spain from February to May 2020, as well as the public policies and technologies used to contain the evolution of the pandemic. In particular it aims to assess the effectivity of the policies applied within the different autonomous communities. Cases and deaths are presented until August as well as the main changes in containment and mitigation measures. Methods Data was collected from various official sources, including government reports, press releases and datasets provided by national and international level institutions. Results We show that the main measure to contain the spread of the pandemic was a stringent confinement policy enforced through fines. It resulted in a substantial reduction in the mobility and the economic activity. At a regional level, the negative consequences of the crisis affected differently across regions.

The first months of the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain / Henríquez, Josefa; Almorox, Eduardo Gonzalo; Garcia-Goñi, Manuel; Paolucci, Francesco. - In: HEALTH POLICY AND TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 2211-8837. - ELETTRONICO. - 9:4(2020), pp. 560-574. [10.1016/j.hlpt.2020.08.013]

The first months of the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain

Henríquez, Josefa;Paolucci, Francesco
2020

Abstract

Background The COVID-19 outbreak has led to an unprecedented crisis in Spain. After Italy, the spread of the virus was quick, and Spain became the second epicenter in Europe by number of cases and deceased. To tackle the outbreak and contain the spread, the Spanish authorities undertook exceptional measures based on a generalized lockdown by which the majority of the economic activity ceased for several weeks. Objectives The goal of this paper is to examine the spread of COVID-19 in Spain from February to May 2020, as well as the public policies and technologies used to contain the evolution of the pandemic. In particular it aims to assess the effectivity of the policies applied within the different autonomous communities. Cases and deaths are presented until August as well as the main changes in containment and mitigation measures. Methods Data was collected from various official sources, including government reports, press releases and datasets provided by national and international level institutions. Results We show that the main measure to contain the spread of the pandemic was a stringent confinement policy enforced through fines. It resulted in a substantial reduction in the mobility and the economic activity. At a regional level, the negative consequences of the crisis affected differently across regions.
2020
The first months of the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain / Henríquez, Josefa; Almorox, Eduardo Gonzalo; Garcia-Goñi, Manuel; Paolucci, Francesco. - In: HEALTH POLICY AND TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 2211-8837. - ELETTRONICO. - 9:4(2020), pp. 560-574. [10.1016/j.hlpt.2020.08.013]
Henríquez, Josefa; Almorox, Eduardo Gonzalo; Garcia-Goñi, Manuel; Paolucci, Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/771609
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