We study the out-of-equilibrium properties of 1 + 1 dimensional quantum electrodynamics (QED), discretized via the staggered-fermion Schwinger model with an Abelian Zn gauge group. We look at two relevant phenomena: first, we analyze the stability of the Dirac vacuum with respect to particle/antiparticle pair production, both spontaneous and induced by an external electric field; then, we examine the string breaking mechanism. We observe a strong effect of confinement, which acts by suppressing both spontaneous pair production and string breaking into quark/antiquark pairs, indicating that the system dynamics displays a number of out-of-equilibrium features.

Real Time Dynamics and Confinement in the Zn Schwinger-Weyl lattice model for 1+1 QED

Giuseppe Magnifico;Elisa Ercolessi
2020

Abstract

We study the out-of-equilibrium properties of 1 + 1 dimensional quantum electrodynamics (QED), discretized via the staggered-fermion Schwinger model with an Abelian Zn gauge group. We look at two relevant phenomena: first, we analyze the stability of the Dirac vacuum with respect to particle/antiparticle pair production, both spontaneous and induced by an external electric field; then, we examine the string breaking mechanism. We observe a strong effect of confinement, which acts by suppressing both spontaneous pair production and string breaking into quark/antiquark pairs, indicating that the system dynamics displays a number of out-of-equilibrium features.
Giuseppe Magnifico; Marcello Dalmonte; Paolo Facchi; Saverio Pascazio; Francesco V. Pepe; Elisa Ercolessi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/771549
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