Background and Aims: The close association between coeliac disease and autoimmunity prompted us to perform an antibody screening for gluten-sensitive enteropathy in patients with autoimmune thyroid dysfunction. Methods: Sera from 220 patients with autoimmune thyroiditis, 50 euthyroid subjects with thyroid nodules and 250 blood donors were tested for IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase (anti-tTG) and antiendomysial antibodies (EmA). Results: IgA anti-tTG was positive in 7 patients with autoimmune thyroiditis, whereas IgA EmA was found only in 6 of them. Duodenal biopsy confirmed coeliac disease diagnosis disclosing marked and mild villous atrophy in 6 and 1 of them, respectively. All but 2 of the 7 coeliacs did not show any sign of malabsorption. All euthyroid controls were negative for IgA antibodies, whereas 1 blood donor, positive for both IgA anti-tTG and EmA, was found to be coeliac. The prevalence of coeliac disease in patients with autoimmune thyroiditis (3.2%) was significantly higher than that found in blood donors (0.4%) (p = 0.022, Fisher's exact test). Conclusions: Antibody screening for coeliac disease should be included in the work-up of patients with autoimmune thyroiditis. Either IgA anti-tTG or EmA may be used, even though the former seems to be slightly more sensitive than the latter. Copyright © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Coeliac disease in patients with autoimmune thyroiditis

Volta U.;Ravaglia G.;Granito A.;Forti P.;Bianchi F. B.
2001

Abstract

Background and Aims: The close association between coeliac disease and autoimmunity prompted us to perform an antibody screening for gluten-sensitive enteropathy in patients with autoimmune thyroid dysfunction. Methods: Sera from 220 patients with autoimmune thyroiditis, 50 euthyroid subjects with thyroid nodules and 250 blood donors were tested for IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase (anti-tTG) and antiendomysial antibodies (EmA). Results: IgA anti-tTG was positive in 7 patients with autoimmune thyroiditis, whereas IgA EmA was found only in 6 of them. Duodenal biopsy confirmed coeliac disease diagnosis disclosing marked and mild villous atrophy in 6 and 1 of them, respectively. All but 2 of the 7 coeliacs did not show any sign of malabsorption. All euthyroid controls were negative for IgA antibodies, whereas 1 blood donor, positive for both IgA anti-tTG and EmA, was found to be coeliac. The prevalence of coeliac disease in patients with autoimmune thyroiditis (3.2%) was significantly higher than that found in blood donors (0.4%) (p = 0.022, Fisher's exact test). Conclusions: Antibody screening for coeliac disease should be included in the work-up of patients with autoimmune thyroiditis. Either IgA anti-tTG or EmA may be used, even though the former seems to be slightly more sensitive than the latter. Copyright © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel.
2001
Volta U.; Ravaglia G.; Granito A.; Forti P.; Maioli F.; Petrolini N.; Zoli M.; Bianchi F.B.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/768478
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