NT-proB-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) increases with age and is associated with all-cause mortality. With this study, we assessed its possible utilization as a marker of biological age in comparison with other variables. The study included 1079 non-institutionalized elderly subjects (mean age 72.8 ± 5.5 years, 561 women). Baseline measurements were performed of serum NT-proBNP and of some laboratory variables previously utilized to estimate biological age (creatinine, albumin, C-reactive protein, cholesterol, blood glucose, leukocytes, lymphocytes, hemoglobin, mean cell volume). During 7 years of follow-up, 114 all-cause deaths occurred. The logarithm of NT-proBNP was the most age-related parameter (r = 0.35, P < 0.0001). Its relationship with mortality, according to Cox regression and ROC curve (AUC = 0.707, 95% CI 0.654–0.759), was stronger than that of all other variables, including age. In multivariate analysis, only NT-proBNP and age remained independently associated with mortality. The regression lines between age and NT-proBNP (pg/ml) allowed a separate estimation of biological age (“proBNPage”) for men (= [log(NT-proBNP) + 1.2068]/0.0827) and for women (= [log(NT-proBNP) − 1.5258]/0.0478). The hazard ratio of all-cause mortality for the fifth quintile of proBNP age (≥ 85 years) compared with the first quintile (< 61 years) was 7.9 (95% CI 3.6–17.5). Similarly, the difference between pro-BNPage and chronological age was associated with a hazard ratio of 3.5 in the fifth quintile (95% CI 1.9–6.4) and was associated with disease count (P for trend = 0.0002). In conclusion, NT-proBNP was the best indicator of biological age, which can be estimated by simple formulas and might be used for prognostic purposes or as a surrogate end point in epidemiological and intervention studies.

N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP): a possible surrogate of biological age in the elderly people

Muscari A.
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Bianchi G.
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Forti P.
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Pandolfi P.
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Zoli M.
Supervision
2021

Abstract

NT-proB-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) increases with age and is associated with all-cause mortality. With this study, we assessed its possible utilization as a marker of biological age in comparison with other variables. The study included 1079 non-institutionalized elderly subjects (mean age 72.8 ± 5.5 years, 561 women). Baseline measurements were performed of serum NT-proBNP and of some laboratory variables previously utilized to estimate biological age (creatinine, albumin, C-reactive protein, cholesterol, blood glucose, leukocytes, lymphocytes, hemoglobin, mean cell volume). During 7 years of follow-up, 114 all-cause deaths occurred. The logarithm of NT-proBNP was the most age-related parameter (r = 0.35, P < 0.0001). Its relationship with mortality, according to Cox regression and ROC curve (AUC = 0.707, 95% CI 0.654–0.759), was stronger than that of all other variables, including age. In multivariate analysis, only NT-proBNP and age remained independently associated with mortality. The regression lines between age and NT-proBNP (pg/ml) allowed a separate estimation of biological age (“proBNPage”) for men (= [log(NT-proBNP) + 1.2068]/0.0827) and for women (= [log(NT-proBNP) − 1.5258]/0.0478). The hazard ratio of all-cause mortality for the fifth quintile of proBNP age (≥ 85 years) compared with the first quintile (< 61 years) was 7.9 (95% CI 3.6–17.5). Similarly, the difference between pro-BNPage and chronological age was associated with a hazard ratio of 3.5 in the fifth quintile (95% CI 1.9–6.4) and was associated with disease count (P for trend = 0.0002). In conclusion, NT-proBNP was the best indicator of biological age, which can be estimated by simple formulas and might be used for prognostic purposes or as a surrogate end point in epidemiological and intervention studies.
Muscari A.; Bianchi G.; Forti P.; Magalotti D.; Pandolfi P.; Zoli M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/768448
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