Bone grafts and bone-based materials are widely used in orthopedic surgery. However, the selection of the bone type to be used is more focused on the biological properties of bone sources than physico-chemical ones. Moreover, although biogenic sources are increasingly used for deposition of biomimetic nanostructured coatings, the influence of specific precursors used on coating’s morphology and composition has not yet been explored. Therefore, in order to fill this gap, we provided a detailed characterization of the properties of the mineral phase of the most used bone sources for allografts, xenografts and coating deposition protocols, not currently available. To this aim, several bone apatite precursors are compared in terms of composition and morphology. Significant differences are assessed for the magnesium content between female and male human donors, and in terms of Ca/P ratio, magnesium content and carbonate substitution between human bone and different animal bone sources. Prospectively, based on these data, bone from different sources can be used to obtain bone grafts having slightly different properties, depending on the clinical need. Likewise, the suitability of coating-based biomimetic films for specific clinical musculoskeletal application may depend on the type of apatite precursor used, being differently able to tune surface morphology and nanostructuration, as shown in the proof of concepts of thin film manufacturing here presented.

A Comprehensive Microstructural and Compositional Characterization of Allogenic and Xenogenic Bone: Application to Bone Grafts and Nanostructured Biomimetic Coatings / Graziani, Gabriela; Govoni, Marco; Vivarelli, Leonardo; Boi, Marco; De Carolis, Monica; Bianchi, Michele; Sassoni, Enrico; Bignozzi, Maria Chiara; Carnevale, Gianluca; Marmi, Federico; Maltarello, Maria Cristina; Dallari, Dante. - In: COATINGS. - ISSN 2079-6412. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:6(2020), pp. 522.1-522.17. [10.3390/coatings10060522]

A Comprehensive Microstructural and Compositional Characterization of Allogenic and Xenogenic Bone: Application to Bone Grafts and Nanostructured Biomimetic Coatings

Graziani, Gabriela;Sassoni, Enrico;Bignozzi, Maria Chiara;Dallari, Dante
2020

Abstract

Bone grafts and bone-based materials are widely used in orthopedic surgery. However, the selection of the bone type to be used is more focused on the biological properties of bone sources than physico-chemical ones. Moreover, although biogenic sources are increasingly used for deposition of biomimetic nanostructured coatings, the influence of specific precursors used on coating’s morphology and composition has not yet been explored. Therefore, in order to fill this gap, we provided a detailed characterization of the properties of the mineral phase of the most used bone sources for allografts, xenografts and coating deposition protocols, not currently available. To this aim, several bone apatite precursors are compared in terms of composition and morphology. Significant differences are assessed for the magnesium content between female and male human donors, and in terms of Ca/P ratio, magnesium content and carbonate substitution between human bone and different animal bone sources. Prospectively, based on these data, bone from different sources can be used to obtain bone grafts having slightly different properties, depending on the clinical need. Likewise, the suitability of coating-based biomimetic films for specific clinical musculoskeletal application may depend on the type of apatite precursor used, being differently able to tune surface morphology and nanostructuration, as shown in the proof of concepts of thin film manufacturing here presented.
2020
A Comprehensive Microstructural and Compositional Characterization of Allogenic and Xenogenic Bone: Application to Bone Grafts and Nanostructured Biomimetic Coatings / Graziani, Gabriela; Govoni, Marco; Vivarelli, Leonardo; Boi, Marco; De Carolis, Monica; Bianchi, Michele; Sassoni, Enrico; Bignozzi, Maria Chiara; Carnevale, Gianluca; Marmi, Federico; Maltarello, Maria Cristina; Dallari, Dante. - In: COATINGS. - ISSN 2079-6412. - ELETTRONICO. - 10:6(2020), pp. 522.1-522.17. [10.3390/coatings10060522]
Graziani, Gabriela; Govoni, Marco; Vivarelli, Leonardo; Boi, Marco; De Carolis, Monica; Bianchi, Michele; Sassoni, Enrico; Bignozzi, Maria Chiara; Carnevale, Gianluca; Marmi, Federico; Maltarello, Maria Cristina; Dallari, Dante
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/765380
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