The role of psychosocial stress in the development of essential hypertension has attracted increasing attention in the last decades, even though research findings have been often inconclusive. We specifically investigated allostatic overload (AO) in hypertensive patients using a clinimetric approach. Allostatic overload was assessed by a semi-structured research interview based on clinimetric criteria in 80 consecutive outpatients with essential hypertension (46.3 % females; mean age 62.18 ± 8.59 years; age range 47–74 years) and 80 normotensive matched controls. Three clinical interviews and two self-rating questionnaires for assessing psychological distress and well-being were also administered. Cardiac variables were collected. AO was present in 26 (32.5 %) of the hypertensive patients based on clinical interviewing, and in only 6 normotensive controls (p < .001). Hypertensive patients with AO had significantly higher levels of psychological distress than those without. Further, patients with AO displayed significantly lower levels of well-being and quality of life (p < .001). A significantly greater prevalence of psychosomatic syndromes was found to be associated with the presence of AO (p < .05), whereas no significant association was detected as to psychiatric diagnoses. Significantly greater cardiovascular risk was found among hypertensive patients reporting AO compared to those without (p < .05). The results of this study support the clinical relevance of a psychological assessment of hypertensive patients, with important implications for the non-pharmacological management of hypertension.

Allostatic overload in patients with essential hypertension

Guidi J.
;
Lucente M.;Rafanelli C.;
2020

Abstract

The role of psychosocial stress in the development of essential hypertension has attracted increasing attention in the last decades, even though research findings have been often inconclusive. We specifically investigated allostatic overload (AO) in hypertensive patients using a clinimetric approach. Allostatic overload was assessed by a semi-structured research interview based on clinimetric criteria in 80 consecutive outpatients with essential hypertension (46.3 % females; mean age 62.18 ± 8.59 years; age range 47–74 years) and 80 normotensive matched controls. Three clinical interviews and two self-rating questionnaires for assessing psychological distress and well-being were also administered. Cardiac variables were collected. AO was present in 26 (32.5 %) of the hypertensive patients based on clinical interviewing, and in only 6 normotensive controls (p < .001). Hypertensive patients with AO had significantly higher levels of psychological distress than those without. Further, patients with AO displayed significantly lower levels of well-being and quality of life (p < .001). A significantly greater prevalence of psychosomatic syndromes was found to be associated with the presence of AO (p < .05), whereas no significant association was detected as to psychiatric diagnoses. Significantly greater cardiovascular risk was found among hypertensive patients reporting AO compared to those without (p < .05). The results of this study support the clinical relevance of a psychological assessment of hypertensive patients, with important implications for the non-pharmacological management of hypertension.
Guidi J.; Lucente M.; Piolanti A.; Roncuzzi R.; Rafanelli C.; Sonino N.
File in questo prodotto:
Eventuali allegati, non sono esposti

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11585/762182
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact