The European eel has recently been included on the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as a critically endangered species. The rearing of Anguilla larvae is seen as a key bottleneck to the mass production of glass eels since very little ecological information is available regarding their natural nutrition. Studies of digestive physiology and ontogenetic development in eel larvae could provide useful information for solving some of the puzzles regarding larval fish culture. The aim of this study was to characterize the ontogeny of pancreatic enzymes (trypsin, lipase and amylase) and a peptide hormone regulator of pancreatic secretion (cholecystokinin) in terms of gene expression in European eel larvae from day 0 (P0) of hatching to 5, 10, 15 and 20 days post hatching during fasting. The results in the present study showed that all the genes selected were present, with different levels of expression and increasing trends, during larval development. At P0, the increase in the gene expression of lipase and amylase was higher than that of trypsin and cholecystokinin, confirming that enzymatic activity began before mouth opening and that larvae, provided with a complete enzymatic set, might have the capacity of digesting and absorbing various nutrients.

Initial ontogeny of digestive enzymes in the early life stages of captive-bred European eels during fasting: A partial characterization

Parmeggiani A.;Zannoni A.
;
Casalini A.;Emmanuele P.;Forni M.;Mordenti O.
2020

Abstract

The European eel has recently been included on the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as a critically endangered species. The rearing of Anguilla larvae is seen as a key bottleneck to the mass production of glass eels since very little ecological information is available regarding their natural nutrition. Studies of digestive physiology and ontogenetic development in eel larvae could provide useful information for solving some of the puzzles regarding larval fish culture. The aim of this study was to characterize the ontogeny of pancreatic enzymes (trypsin, lipase and amylase) and a peptide hormone regulator of pancreatic secretion (cholecystokinin) in terms of gene expression in European eel larvae from day 0 (P0) of hatching to 5, 10, 15 and 20 days post hatching during fasting. The results in the present study showed that all the genes selected were present, with different levels of expression and increasing trends, during larval development. At P0, the increase in the gene expression of lipase and amylase was higher than that of trypsin and cholecystokinin, confirming that enzymatic activity began before mouth opening and that larvae, provided with a complete enzymatic set, might have the capacity of digesting and absorbing various nutrients.
Parmeggiani A.; Zannoni A.; Tubon I.; Casalini A.; Emmanuele P.; Forni M.; Mordenti O.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/761667
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