Background: Laparoscopic gynaecological surgery is commonly performed under general anaesthesia with endotracheal intubation. In general surgery, locoregional anaesthesia was applied to laparoscopic procedures, increasing minimally invasive surgery advantages. Aims: To assess and compare postoperative pain after laparoscopic adnexal procedures for benign conditions under spinal anaesthesia (SA) versus general anaesthesia (GA). Furthermore, anaesthesiologic, surgical and clinical data were evaluated in both groups. Materials and Methods: This is a prospective cohort study performed in a tertiary level referral centre for minimally invasive gynaecological surgery (Gynaecology and Human Reproduction Physiopathology, University of Bologna). Women scheduled for adnexal laparoscopic surgery for benign conditions between February and May 2019 were assigned to receive either SA or GA with endotracheal intubation. A sample size of 13 women per group was needed to detect a 2-point difference in pain scores. Main findings: 13 women were enrolled in the SA arm, 15 in the GA arm. In the SA cohort, the most common intraoperative adverse event was shoulder pain, reported by 3/12 women. At 1, 8, 12, 24 and 48 h after surgery pain was significantly lower in the SA arm (p < .05). Patients submitted to SA experienced no need for opioid drugs administration, unlike those receiving GA. Patients’ mobilization and return of bowel function were noted significantly earlier in the SA group (p < .05). Conclusions: SA is a feasible, safe and effective anaesthesiologic technique for laparoscopic gynaecological procedures for benign conditions, allowing a better control of postoperative pain. Women undergoing SA achieve earlier mobilization and bowel canalization. During the Covid-19 pandemics, SA could be useful in reducing the need for invasive procedures on respiratory tract.

Laparoscopic surgery for benign adnexal conditions under spinal anaesthesia: Towards a multidisciplinary minimally invasive approach / Raimondo D.; Borghese G.; Mastronardi M.; Mabrouk M.; Salucci P.; Lambertini A.; Casadio P.; Tonini C.; Meriggiola M.C.; Arena A.; Tarozzi G.; Seracchioli R.. - In: JOURNAL OF GYNECOLOGY OBSTETRICS AND HUMAN REPRODUCTION. - ISSN 2468-7847. - STAMPA. - 49:7(2020), pp. 101813.1-101813.6. [10.1016/j.jogoh.2020.101813]

Laparoscopic surgery for benign adnexal conditions under spinal anaesthesia: Towards a multidisciplinary minimally invasive approach

Raimondo D.;Borghese G.
;
Mastronardi M.;Salucci P.;Lambertini A.;Casadio P.;Tonini C.;Meriggiola M. C.;Arena A.;Tarozzi G.;Seracchioli R.
2020

Abstract

Background: Laparoscopic gynaecological surgery is commonly performed under general anaesthesia with endotracheal intubation. In general surgery, locoregional anaesthesia was applied to laparoscopic procedures, increasing minimally invasive surgery advantages. Aims: To assess and compare postoperative pain after laparoscopic adnexal procedures for benign conditions under spinal anaesthesia (SA) versus general anaesthesia (GA). Furthermore, anaesthesiologic, surgical and clinical data were evaluated in both groups. Materials and Methods: This is a prospective cohort study performed in a tertiary level referral centre for minimally invasive gynaecological surgery (Gynaecology and Human Reproduction Physiopathology, University of Bologna). Women scheduled for adnexal laparoscopic surgery for benign conditions between February and May 2019 were assigned to receive either SA or GA with endotracheal intubation. A sample size of 13 women per group was needed to detect a 2-point difference in pain scores. Main findings: 13 women were enrolled in the SA arm, 15 in the GA arm. In the SA cohort, the most common intraoperative adverse event was shoulder pain, reported by 3/12 women. At 1, 8, 12, 24 and 48 h after surgery pain was significantly lower in the SA arm (p < .05). Patients submitted to SA experienced no need for opioid drugs administration, unlike those receiving GA. Patients’ mobilization and return of bowel function were noted significantly earlier in the SA group (p < .05). Conclusions: SA is a feasible, safe and effective anaesthesiologic technique for laparoscopic gynaecological procedures for benign conditions, allowing a better control of postoperative pain. Women undergoing SA achieve earlier mobilization and bowel canalization. During the Covid-19 pandemics, SA could be useful in reducing the need for invasive procedures on respiratory tract.
2020
Laparoscopic surgery for benign adnexal conditions under spinal anaesthesia: Towards a multidisciplinary minimally invasive approach / Raimondo D.; Borghese G.; Mastronardi M.; Mabrouk M.; Salucci P.; Lambertini A.; Casadio P.; Tonini C.; Meriggiola M.C.; Arena A.; Tarozzi G.; Seracchioli R.. - In: JOURNAL OF GYNECOLOGY OBSTETRICS AND HUMAN REPRODUCTION. - ISSN 2468-7847. - STAMPA. - 49:7(2020), pp. 101813.1-101813.6. [10.1016/j.jogoh.2020.101813]
Raimondo D.; Borghese G.; Mastronardi M.; Mabrouk M.; Salucci P.; Lambertini A.; Casadio P.; Tonini C.; Meriggiola M.C.; Arena A.; Tarozzi G.; Seracchioli R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11585/761068
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